Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health
|A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z|
ICD-9 (International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision): The 1972 revision of the international disease classification system developed by the World Health Organization. Reference: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd9.htm
ICD-9-CM (International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification): The American modification of the ICD-9 classification system for both diagnoses and procedures. Reference: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd9cm.htm
ICD-10 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision): The 1992 revision of the international disease classification system developed by the World Health Organization. Reference: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd10.htm
ICD-10-CM (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification): The American modification of the ICD-10 classification system, for field review release in 1998. Reference: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd10cm.htm
ICNP (International Classification of Nursing Practice: ICNP is a standardised terminology accepted by the World Health Organization (WHO) within the WHO Family of International Classifications to extend coverage of the domain of nursing practice as an essential and complementary part of professional health services.used to represent nursing diagnoses, interventions and outcomes. Reference: http://www.icn.ch/pillarsprograms/international-classification-for-nursing-practicer or http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/adaptations/icnp/en/index.html
IHS (Indian Health Service): The Indian Health Service (IHS), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for providing federal health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives. The provision of health services to members of federally-recognized tribes grew out of the special government-to-government relationship between the federal government and Indian tribes. Reference: http://www.ihs.gov/
IMIA (International Medical Informatics Association): The International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) is the world body for health and biomedical informatics. IMIA provides leadership and expertise to the multidisciplinary, health focused community and to policy makers, to enable the transformation of healthcare in accord with the world-wide vision of improving the health of the world population. Reference: http://www.imia-medinfo.org/new2/
Implementation Managers: Workers in this role provide on-site management of mobile adoption support teams for the period of time before and during implementation of health IT systems in clinical and public health settings. Reference: http://healthit.hhs.gov/
Implementation Support Specialists: Workers in this role provide on-site user support for the period of time before and during implementation of health IT systems in clinical and public health settings. Reference: http://healthit.hhs.gov/
Informatics: The application of computer science and information science to the management and processing of data, information, and knowledge. Also see Health Informatics. See also: Health Informatics Reference: http://www.ehealthinitiative.org/
A broad field encompassing human-computer interaction, information science, information technology, algorithms, and social science.
- Information Science – the study of the processing, management and retrieval of information.
- Information Technology – the study, design, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems.
- Algorithms – a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem solving operations, especially by a computer.
- Social Science – the scientific study of human society and social relationships. Reference: http://www.aphl.org/Pages/default.aspx
Intentional access to electronic health records: Access to electronic health records that resulted from actions taken with the purpose of obtaining, retrieving or viewing that specific electronic health record.
Interface: Shared boundary between two functional units defined by various characteristics pertaining to the functions, physical interconnections, signal changes, and other characteristics as appropriate. Reference: http://www.ehealthinitiative.org/
Internal access to electronic health records: Access to electronic health records either by a health care entity that controls the electronic health records or a related health care entity.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO): It is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from some 130 countries, one from each country. ISO's work results in international agreements which are published as International Standards. Reference: http://www.ehealthinitiative.org/
Interoperability: The ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged accurately, securely, and verifiably, when and where needed. Reference: http://www.ehealthinitiative.org/ See also: Health Care Interoperability.
According to the Interoperability Clearing House "interoperability is the ability of information systems to operate in conjunction with each other encompassing communication protocols, hardware software, application, and data compatibility layers. With interoperable electronic health records, always-current medical information could be available wherever and whenever the patient and attending health professional needed it. At the same time, EHRs would also provide access to treatment information to help clinicians as they care for patients." Reference: http://www.ichnet.org
IOM (Institute of Medicine): The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is an independent, nonprofit organization that works outside of government to provide unbiased and authoritative advice to decision makers and the public. Reference: http://iom.edu/
IT (Information Technology): Technology related to computing functions including software, hardware, processes, programming languages and data constructs.