Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health
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LAN (Local Area Network): A system that links together electronic office equipment, such as computers and word processors, and forms a network within an office or building.
Legacy system: An existing IT system or application, often built around a mainframe computer, which generally has been in place for a long time and represents a significant investment. Compatibility with legacy systems is often a major issue when considering new applications.
LIS (Laboratory Information System): Also known as LIMS (Laboratory Information Management System), LIS is a software system used in a clinical laboratory to computerize laboratory business processes such as test processing, test scheduling, specimen and sample tracking, inventory control, reporting, quality control and quality assurance management, and statistical analysis and surveillance. Reference: Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Health Information Technology, http://www.health.state.mn.us/e-health/assessment.html
Local Public Health Association of Minnesota (LPHA): LPHA represents 91 city and county health departments in Minnesota. Reference: http://www.mncounties2.org/lpha/index.html
LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers, Names, and Codes): LOINC is a coding system for the electronic exchange of laboratory test results and other observations. LOINC development involved a public-private partnership comprised of several federal agencies, academia, and the vendor community. This model can be applied to other standards setting domains. LOINC databases provide sets of universal names and ID codes for identifying laboratory and clinical test results. The purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results, such as blood hemoglobin, serum potassium, or vital signs, for clinical care, outcomes management, and research. References: http://www.ehealthinitiative.org or http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc/
L-SIP (Laboratory System Improvement Program): The Laboratory System Improvement Program (L-SIP) -- formerly known as the State Public Health Laboratory Systems Performance Standards Program -- targets improvement of the public health laboratory system through the collaborative work of partners. Reference: http://www.aphl.org/aphlprograms/lss/projects/performance/pages/default.aspx