Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health
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NACCHO (National Association of County and City Health Officials): The National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) is the national organization representing local health departments. NACCHO supports efforts that protect and improve the health of all people and all communities by promoting national policy, developing resources and programs, seeking health equity, and supporting effective local public health practice and systems. Reference: http://www.naccho.org/
NAHDO (National Association of Health Data Organizations): The National Association of Health Data Organizations (NAHDO) is a national, not-for-profit membership organization dedicated to improving health care through the collection, analysis, dissemination, public availability, and use of health data. NAHDO provides leadership in health care information management and analysis, promotes the availability of and access to health data, and encourages the use of these data to make informed decisions and guide the development of health policy. Reference: http://www.nahdo.org/
NAPHSIS (National Association of Public Health Statistics and Information Systems): The National Association for Public Health Statistics and Information Systems (NAPHSIS) is a national association of state vital records and public health statistics offices which is based in the Washington, DC area. Reference: http://www.naphsis.org/
NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics): The National Center for Health Statistics, part of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) compiles statistical information to guide actions and policies to improve the health of all people. Reference: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/
NCPDP (National Council for Prescription Drug Programs): NCPDP is an ANSI-accredited standards development organization. The NCPDC focuses on prescription drug messages and works to create and promote data interchange and processing standards for the pharmacy services sector of the health care industry. This is the standard for billing retail drug sales. Reference: http://www.ncpdp.org
NCQA (National Committee for Quality Assurance): A not-for-profit organization whose mission is to improve healthcare quality and provide information on the quality of managed care plans. Reference: http://www.ncqa.org
NCVHS (National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics): The National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics was established by Congress to serve as an advisory body to the Department of Health and Human Services on health data, statistics and national health information policy. It fulfills important review and advisory functions relative to health data and statistical problems of national and international interest, stimulates or conducts studies of such problems and makes proposals for improvement of the Nation’s health statistics and information systems. Reference: http://www.ncvhs.hhs.gov/
Network: Network is a general term for terminals, processors, and devices linked either by cable or wireless technology. Network users can share peripherals, applications and data.
NWHIN (Nationwide Health Information Network): A set of standards, services and policies that enable secure health information exchange over the Internet. The NWHIN will provide a foundation for the exchange of health information across diverse entities, within communities and across the country, helping to achieve the goals of the HITECH Act. The NWHIN will continue evolving to meet the emerging needs for exchanging electronic health information and will be driven by emerging technology, users, uses and policies. Reference: http://healthit.hhs.gov/NHIN
NWHIN Exchange: The group of federal agencies, local, regional and state-level health information organizations and integrated delivery networks that are using NWHIN set of standards, services and policies to enable secure health information exchange over the Internet.
NLM (National Library of Medicine): The National Library of Medicine (NLM), on the campus of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, is the world's largest medical library. The Library collects materials and provides information and research services in all areas of biomedicine and health care. Reference: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/