Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes AIDS.
HIV can spread from person to person during anal, vaginal, or less commonly,
during oral sex. HIV can also be spread while sharing needles or reusing
equipment to inject drugs, tattoo or body pierce. HIV can also be passed
from an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
The following body fluids have been proven to spread HIV:
- Vaginal fluid
- Breast milk
- Other body fluids containing blood
Over time, HIV attacks and weakens the immune system making infected persons vulnerable to a variety of infections and some cancers. This stage of HIV infection is called AIDS. However, there is no vaccine to prevent HIV infection nor is there a cure. There are treatments that can help persons live longer and healthier.
For more information on symptoms of HIV infection, transmission, treatment, prevention, and how many cases have occurred in Minnesota, see below:
HIV Fact Sheets, Testing Sites in Minnesota, and Minnesota Statute language on HIV.
World AIDS Day facts, planning tip sheets, funding opportunities, and news releases.
Reporting a Case of HIV
Instructions for clinicians on how to report a case of HIV to the Minnesota Department of Health.
Program information, statistics and reports.
Getting Tested for HIV
Listing of HIV testing sites and recommendations in Minnesota.
HIV Training Opportunities
Upcoming training opportunities in HIV/AIDS prevention and testing
HIV Prevention Grantees
Community-Based HIV Prevention Programs receiving Minnesota Department of Health funding
Perinatal Transmission of HIV
Information on prenatal HIV testing, transmission of HIV from mother to infant, checklists for providers on reducing the risk of transmission.
Syringe Access and Disposal
How to access clean syringes without a prescription, search for participating pharmacies by Minnesota county; plus information on storage or destruction of needles and other information about syringe access.
HIV and Other Conditions and Diseases
Information about HIV and it's connection with other diseases and conditions; HIV/Hepatitis C co-infection; HIV and smallpox vaccine; TB/HIV co-infection.
Minnesota Council for HIV/AIDS Care and Prevention
Formerly known as Community Cooperative Council on HIV/AIDS Prevention (CCCHAP).
Minnesota HIV Strategy
This is a long term plan that will guide and improve efforts to address the HIV epidemic in Minnesota.
- Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)
PrEP is a daily pill that can prevent HIV infection.