HIV/AIDS - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that can cause AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). HIV is most commonly transmitted during anal and vaginal sex, while sharing syringes or equipment to inject drugs or other substances, and less commonly, during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.

The following body fluids have been proven to spread HIV:

  • Blood
  • Semen
  • Vaginal fluid
  • Breast milk
  • Anal fluid

Without treatment, HIV attacks and weakens the immune system, which makes people living with HIV vulnerable to a variety of infections and some cancers. This stage of HIV infection is called AIDS. HIV treatment is so effective that people living with HIV can live a long and healthy life, but there is still no vaccine or cure for HIV.

For more information on symptoms of HIV infection, transmission, treatment, prevention, and how many cases have occurred in Minnesota, see below:

Updated Wednesday, 10-Oct-2018 11:48:50 CDT