Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that can cause AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). HIV is most commonly transmitted during anal and vaginal sex, while sharing syringes or equipment to inject drugs or other substances, and less commonly, during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
The following body fluids have been proven to spread HIV:
- Vaginal fluid
- Breast milk
- Anal fluid
Without treatment, HIV attacks and weakens the immune system, which makes people living with HIV vulnerable to a variety of infections and some cancers. This stage of HIV infection is called AIDS. HIV treatment is so effective that people living with HIV can live a long and healthy life, but there is still no vaccine or cure for HIV.
For more information on symptoms of HIV infection, transmission, treatment, prevention, and how many cases have occurred in Minnesota, see below:
HIV Fact Sheets, Testing Sites in Minnesota, and Minnesota Statute language on HIV.
World AIDS Day facts, planning tip sheets, funding opportunities, and news releases.
Reporting a Case of HIV
Instructions for clinicians on how to report a case of HIV to the Minnesota Department of Health.
Program information, statistics and reports.
STD/HIV/TB Data and Presentation Request
Please use this form to request data or presentations on STDs, HIV, or TB.
Getting Tested for HIV
Listing of HIV testing sites and recommendations in Minnesota.
HIV Training Opportunities
Upcoming training opportunities in HIV/AIDS prevention and testing
- Prevention Grantees
Community-Based HIV Prevention Programs receiving Minnesota Department of Health funding.
Forms and procedures for MDH funded prevention grantees.
Perinatal Transmission of HIV
Information on prenatal HIV testing, transmission of HIV from mother to infant, checklists for providers on reducing the risk of transmission.
Syringe Access and Disposal
How to access clean syringes without a prescription, search for participating pharmacies by Minnesota county; plus information on storage or destruction of needles and other information about syringe access.
HIV and Other Conditions and Diseases
Information about HIV and it's connection with other diseases and conditions; HIV/Hepatitis C co-infection; HIV and smallpox vaccine; TB/HIV co-infection.
Minnesota Council for HIV/AIDS Care and Prevention
Formerly known as Community Cooperative Council on HIV/AIDS Prevention (CCCHAP).
Minnesota HIV Strategy
This is a long term plan that will guide and improve efforts to address the HIV epidemic in Minnesota.
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)
PrEP is a daily pill that can prevent HIV infection.
- HIV Treatment as Prevention
HIV treatment allows people living with HIV to live longer, healthier lives, and it can also help prevent HIV transmission.
Undetectable = Untransmittable (U=U)
A person living with HIV who gets and keeps undetectably low levels of HIV has effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV.