Environmental change is a longstanding public health strategy. A mosquito net changes a very localized environment; greater access to fruits and vegetables at a corner store contributes to healthy eating at the neighborhood level; a policy banning cigarette ads in popular magazines changes the media landscape, creating an environment less conducive to tobacco advertising.
These same strategies can be applied to sexual violence prevention. Environmental changes can be made which mean that sexual assault becomes less possible. There is no mosquito net to prevent sexual violence, but-for example-blocking off access to bedrooms during a house party can be a way to deter offenders from finding the privacy they may need to commit an assault.
The goal is to reduce the 'secondhand smoke' effects of violence, because an atmosphere of violence affects everyone.
- Green Dot Bystander Intervention Strategy The Green Dot strategy is a comprehensive approach to violence prevention that capitalizes on the power of peer and cultural influence across all levels of the socio-ecological model. Bring it to your campus! http://www.livethegreendot.com
- The B.E.S.T. (Be Equal, Safe, and Trustworthy) Model: Preventing Sexual and Domestic Violence with Parties Women Love This primary prevention model engages students, staff, and faculty in shaping one of the single most dangerous social environments on campus through party policy and practice changes that make it safe to have fun. http://menaspeacemakers.org/best-party-model/
- Case Studies and Model Programs in Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention Over the course of several years, the Higher Education Center has collected information on a variety of AODV prevention programs at institutions of higher education around the U.S. http://higheredcenter.ed.gov/resources/case-studies/browse
- The Spectrum of Prevention The Spectrum of Prevention helps expand prevention efforts beyond education models by promoting a multifaceted range of activities for effective prevention. Includes: Influencing Policy and Legislation,, Changing Organizational Practices, Fostering Coalitions and Networks, Educating Providers, Promoting Community Education, and Strengthening Individual Knowledge and Skills. http://www.preventioninstitute.org/index.php?option=com_jlibrary&view=article&id=105&Itemid=127
- The Ecological Model of Health Behavior This issue of Partners in Social Change explores the ecological model of health behavior. As the word 'ecological' implies, this structural model explores the relationship between human behavior and the environment. http://www.wcsap.org/ecological-model-health-behavior
- The Social Ecological Model The social-ecological model provides a framework for understanding those different influences of perpetrating sexual assault. http://www.wcsap.org/social-ecological-model
- Primary Prevention Committees: Organizing Campuses to End Sexual and Relationship Violence A project of MN Men's Action Network, the Committee brings together key administrators, students, faculty, and staff to assess and develop strategies to change the campus social environment in relation to gender equity and violence against women. For more information, contact Ed Heisler at: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.menaspeacemakers.org/programs/mnman
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