Public Health Leader Orientation and Resource Guide - Minnesota Dept. of Heath

Public Health Leader Orientation and Resource Guide

The Orientation and Resource Guide is a joint effort of the Local Public Health Association of Minnesota and the Minnesota Department of Health Center for Public Health Practice. The guide was initially developed in 2004; this is the second revision. The guide identifies a number of subject/topic areas that are critical for public health leaders to have a basic understanding of and includes a compendium of related resources. The orientation plan incorporates a variety of methodologies and experiences utilizing the expertise of resource people at both the local and state level as well as self-study.

Use this document in conjunction with the information below to move through the guide.

Download: Public Health Leader Orientation and Resource Guide (DOC)

 

Contents

I. Introduction to public health
II. Public health system
III. Legislative process
IV. Statutes, ordinances
V. Management and budgets
VI. Human resources
VII. Core public health functions: Assessment, policy development, assurance
VIII. Health equity
IX. Community engagement
X. Leadership skill development
XI. Organizational workforce development
XII. Increasing the visibility of public health
XIII. Environmental health
XIV. Health care reform
XV. Health informatics
XVI. Public health 3.0
XVII. Emerging and evolving issues

 

I. Introduction to public health

 

A. Public health history

  1. Public Health Practice Training - Part 2: The History of Public Health Nursing in Minnesota, Minnesota Department of Health (MDH)
  2. Public Health 101, Region V Public Health Training Center
  3. Foundations of Public Health Practice, Region V Public Health Training Center

 

B. Public health basics

  1. Public Health Practice Training - Part 1: The Minnesota Public Health System , Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Public Health 101 Series, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  3. Public Health 101, Region V Public Health Training Center
  4. Foundations of Public Health Practice, Region V Public Health Training Center

 

C. Public health nursing

  1. Population-Based Public Health Nursing Practice (PDF), County of Los Angeles Public Health
  2. Community/Public Health Nursing [C/PHN] Competencies (PDF), Quad Council Coalition of Public Health Nursing Organizations
  3. Public health interventions: Applications for nursing practice, 2nd ed. ("The Wheel Manual"), Minnesota Department of Health

 

D. Public health ethics

  1. Public Health Ethics, National Association of County and City Health Officials
  2. Model Ethics Policy: Code of Ethics for Public Health Professionals in ----- County (PDF), Association of Minnesota Counties
  3. Ethics and decision-making in public health, Dakota County Public Health

 

II. Public health system

 

A. At the federal level

  1. About HHS, US Department of Health and Human Services
  2. HHS Organizational Chart, US Department of Health and Human Services

 

B. At the tribal level

  1. Minnesota Indian Affairs Council
  2. Bureau of Indian Affairs, US Department of the Interior
  3. American Indian Tribal Governments, Minnesota Department of Health

 

C. Minnesota state government

  1. Minnesota State Government (PDF), Minnesota Secretary of State

 

D. Minnesota Department of Health

  1. About the Minnesota Department of Health, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Minnesota Department of Health Organization Chart (PDF), Minnesota Department of Health

 

E. Minnesota’s public health system, state-local partnership

  1. Minnesota's Public Health System: History and Context, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Community Health Services (CHS) Administration Handbook, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Minnesota Local Public Health Act: Summary of Minn. Stat. § 145A (PDF), Minnesota Department of Health
  4. SCHSAC Resources, State Community Health Services Advisory Committee (SCHSAC)

 

F. Local Public Health Act

  1. Chapter 145A. Community Health Boards, Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes
  2. Local Public Health Act, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Minn. Stat. § 144.011 Department of Health, Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes
  4. Chapter 402. County Human Services Boards, Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes

 

G. 10 essential public health services

  1. Core Functions of Public Health and How they Relate to the 10 Essential Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

 

H. Areas of public health responsibility in Minnesota

  1. Areas of Public Health Responsibility within the Local Public Health Act, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Government's Responsibility for Public Health, Minnesota Department of Health

 

I. Blueprint for Successful Health Departments

  1. Updating Minnesota's Blueprint for Public Health (PDF), SCHSAC Blueprint for Successful Local Health Departments Workgroup

 

J. Healthy People 2020 objectives

  1. About Healthy People, US Department of Health and Human Services

 

K. Local public health authorities and mandates

  1. Minnesota Local Public Health Act: Summary of Minn. Stat. § 145A (PDF), Minnesota Department of Health

 

L. Statewide health improvement framework

  1. Healthy Minnesota 2022 statewide health improvement framework, Healthy Minnesota Partnership

 

M. Local public health system development

  1. Public Health System Development in Minnesota: Report to the Legislature, Minnesota Department of Health: Visit Publications from the Center for Public Health Practice, and use your browser's find function to search for the latest report

 

N. State contacts and maps

  1. Who is My Public Health Nurse Consultant?, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Family Home Visiting Program, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Map of Field Services Epidemiologists, Minnesota Department of Health
  4. Public Health Preparedness Consultants (PHPCs), Minnesota Department of Health

 

III. Legislative process

 

A. Politics of public health

  1. The Politics of Public Health Policy, Oliver, T., Annual Review of Public Health

 

B. Legislative process

  1. How a Bill Becomes a Law in Minnesota, Minnesota State Legislature
  2. Frequently Asked Questions about the Minnesota Legislature, Minnesota State Legislature
  3. Legislative Process 101 (PDF), Association of Minnesota Counties
  4. How Laws are Made and How to Research Them: How Federal Laws are Made, US General Service Administration

 

C. Legislative initiatives

  1. Legislative Advocacy, Association of Minnesota Counties
  2. Legislative Information, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Advocacy Toolkit, Association of Public Health Nurses
  4. Advocacy, Local Public Health Association of Minnesota
  5. Chapter 33. Conducting a Direct Action Campaign: Section 7. Lobbying Decisionmakers, Community Tool Box, University of Kansas Center for Community Health and Development
  6. Public Policy, Minnesota Council of Nonprofits

 

D. State legislators

  1. Legislators, Minnesota State Legislature
  2. Geographic Information Systems | Who Represents Me?, Minnesota State Legislature

 

E. Public employees and lobbying

  1. Officials, Minnesota Campaign Finance and Public Disclosure Board
  2. Building your Advocacy Toolbox: Advocacy vs. Lobbying (PDF), National Association of County and City Health Officials

 

F. Open Meeting Law

  1. Open Meeting Law in Minnesota (PDF), Association of Minnesota Counties
  2. Minnesota Open Meeting Law (PDF), Minnesota House of Representatives

 

IV. Statutes, ordinances

 

A. Local Public Health Act

  1. Chapter 145A. Community Health Boards, Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes

 

B. Disease prevention and control

  1. Reportable Disease Rule (Communicable Disease Reporting Rule): Infectious Disease Reporting, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. About the Disease Prevention and Control Common Activities Framework, Minnesota Department of Health

 

C. Data practices and HIPAA

  1. Health Information Privacy, US Department of Health and Human Services
  2. HIPAA Basics for Providers: Privacy, Security, and Breach Notification Rules (PDF), Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
  3. Notices Related to Health Records (incl. Access to Health Records Notice of Rights), Minnesota Department of Health
  4. Checklist for HIPAA Notice of Privacy Practices, Holland & Hart
  5. HIPAA, American Medical Association
  6. HIPAA for Professionals, US Department of Health and Human Services

 

D. Records retention

  1. General Records Retention Schedules Available Online, Minnesota Historical Society
  2. Records Retention Webinar Series, Minnesota Department of Health

 

E. Nurse Practice Act

  1. Minnesota Board of Nursing

 

F. Job safety

  1. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
  2. Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR) - Table of Contents by Standard Number, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
  3. Minnesota State Plan, US Department of Labor

 

G. Public health nuisances

  1. Minnesota Public Health Nuisance Handbook, Local Public Health Association of Minnesota

 

H. Clean Indoor Air Act

  1. Minnesota Clean Indoor Air Act (MCIAA), Minnesota Department of Health

 

I. Clandestine drug labs

  1. Meth Lab Program, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Minn. Stat. § 152.0275. Certain controlled substance offenses; restitution; prohibitions on property use; notice provisions, Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes

 

J. Naloxone access

  1. Minn. Stat. § 604A.04 Good Samaritan overdose prevention, Minnesota Office of the Revisor of Statutes
  2. Minnesota's Response to the Opioid Epidemic, Minnesota Department of Health

 

K. Local ordinances

  1. Cities, Towns, and Counties, Minnesota State Law Library

 

L. Local ordinance development

  1. Duties of a County Commissioner (PDF), Association of Minnesota Counties
  2. You might also contact your local county attorney with questions

 

M. Public health law

  1. Public Health Law Center at Mitchell Hamline School of Law
  2. The Network for Public Health Law

 

V. Management and budgets

 

A. County-specific budgeting and auditing

  1. Who Does What? A Guide to Minnesota's Property Tax System (PDF), Association of Minnesota Counties
  2. Debt Management for Counties (PDF), Association of Minnesota Counties
  3. County Budget Overview (PDF), Association of Minnesota Counties
  4. County Fund Balances (PDF), Association of Minnesota Counties

 

B. Fiscal management

  1. Public Health Financial Management (Course #1012722), South Central Public Health Partnership (free TRAIN account required)
  2. Feasibility Planning for Public Health Business Plans (Course #1030989), Northwest Center for Public Health Practice (free TRAIN account required)
  3. A Public Official's Guide to Financial Literacy, Governing
  4. Financial Management in Local Government: Frequently Used Terms (PDF), University of Wisconsin-Extension Local Government Center
  5. Please contact your public health nurse consultant for further resources on fiscal management

 

C. Billing

  1. Clinic Services, Minnesota Department of Human Services
  2. MHCP Provider Manual - Home, Minnesota Department of Human Services

 

D. Working with grants

  1. Writing a Successful Grant Proposal, Minnesota Council on Foundations
  2. Grants and Contracts, US Department of Health and Human Services
  3. Organization Registration, Grants.gov
  4. Managing your Organization's Finances, Free Management Library
  5. Major community health board funding sources in Minnesota (PDF), Minnesota Department of Health
  6. Federal Financial Management, Grants Management, Obama White House, Office of Management and Budget
  7. Please contact your public health nurse consultant for further resources on working with grants

 

E. Reporting expenditures to MDH

  1. Module: Finance and Staffing, Local Public Health Act Annual Reporting, Minnesota Department of Health

 

F. Federal poverty guidelines

  1. US Federal Poverty Guidelines Used to Determine Financial Eligibility for Certain Federal Programs, US Department of Health and Human Services

 

VI. Human resources

 

A. Staff management

  1. How to Find and Recruit the Best Job Candidates, Free Management Library
  2. How to Retain your Best Employees, Free Management Library

 

B. Protected groups

  1. Affirmative Action, US Department of Labor

 

C. Employee Assistance Program

  1. Employee Assistance Program, Minnesota Counties Intergovernmental Trust

 

D. Labor negotiation and contracts

  1. Minnesota Bureau of Mediation Services

 

E. Personnel policies

  1. Minnesota Counties Intergovernmental Trust
  2. An Employer's Guide to Employment Law Issues in Minnesota (PDF), Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development and Ballard Spahr LLP

 

F. Personnel safety

  1. Minnesota Safety Council
  2. Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry

 

G. Benefit management

  1. Minnesota State Plan, US Department of Labor

 

H. Volunteer management

  1. Volunteer Management for Public Health (Course #1051615), Midwestern Public Health Training Center (free TRAIN account required)

 

VII. Core public health functions: Assessment, policy development, assurance

A. Public health core functions and 10 essential services

  1. The 10 Essential Public Health Services: An Overview (PDF), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  2. The Public Health System & the 10 Essential Public Health Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  3. Incident Command System Resources, US Department of Homeland Security

 

B. Community health assessment models

  1. Local Public Health Assessment and Planning Cycle, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP), National Association of County and City Health Officials

 

C. Public health data

  1. Minnesota Center for Health Statistics, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Minnesota Center for Health Equity, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Minnesota Public Health Data Access Portal, Minnesota Department of Health
  4. Data Resources 101, Minnesota Department of Health

 

D. Strategic planning

  1. Strategic Plan, Minnesota Department of Health

 

E. Community health improvement planning

  1. Community Health Improvement Plan, Minnesota Department of Health

 

F. Performance management, quality improvement

  1. Quality Improvement and Performance Management, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. SMART Objectives, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Logic Model, Minnesota Department of Health
  4. Fiscal Policy Studies Institute
  5. Local Public Health Act Annual Reporting, Minnesota Department of Health
  6. Quality Improvement Plans: A How-To Guide, Minnesota Department of Health

 

G. Evidence-based practice

  1. The Community Guide, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  2. Cochrane Library
  3. Our Work: How SHIP Creates Health in Our Communities, Minnesota Department of Health
  4. Expertise and Services, Stratis Health
  5. Registries of Programs Effective in Reducing Youth Risk Behaviors, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  6. Prevention Institute

 

H. Public Health Intervention Wheel

  1. Public Health Interventions: Applications for Nursing Practice, 2nd Edition ("The Wheel Manual"), Minnesota Department of Health

 

I. Public health accreditation

  1. National Public Health Accreditation for Local and Tribal Public Health, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Public Health Accreditation Board

 

J. Minnesota statewide health assessment

  1. Minnesota Statewide Health Assessment, Healthy Minnesota Partnership

 

K. Minnesota statewide health improvement framework

  1. Healthy Minnesota 2022 Statewide Health Improvement Framework, Healthy Minnesota Partnership

 

VIII. Health equity

 

A. Health equity, health disparities

  1. Advancing Health Equity in Minnesota: Report to the Legislature (PDF), Minnesota Department of Health
  2. HEDA: Conducting a Health Equity Data Analysis: A Guide for Local Health Departments in Minnesota, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Resource Library for Advancing Health Equity in Public Health, Minnesota Department of Health
  4. Narratives and health equity: Expanding the conversation, Healthy Minnesota Partnership, Minnesota Department of Health

 

B. Social determinants of health

  1. Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick?, California Newsreel
  2. Health Equity and Social Justice, National Association of County and City Health Officials
  3. The Raising of America: Early Childhood and the Future of our Nation, California Newsreel
  4. The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better, Pickett, K. and Wilkinson, R., The Equality Trust
  5. Social Determinants of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services

 

IX. Community engagement

 

A. Importance of community engagement

  1. Community Engagement as a Public Health Practice, Minnesota Department of Health

 

B. Networks, partnerships, coalitions

  1. Creating and Maintaining Coalitions and Partnerships, University of Kansas

 

C. Meeting facilitation

  1. The Art of Hosting and Harvesting Conversations that Matter
  2. Great Meetings! Inc.
  3. The habits of highly successful facilitators, University of Minnesota Extension

 

D. Robert’s Rules of Orders

  1. Robert's Rules of Order - Summary Version, RobertsRules.org

 

X. Leadership skill development

 

A. Leadership style assessment

  1. CliftonStrengths, Gallup

 

B. Collaborative leadership

  1. Chapter 13. Orienting Ideas in Leadership: Section 11. Collaborative Leadership, University of Kansas

 

C. Leadership resources

  1. Leadership and Governance Resources, Minnesota Council of Nonprofits
  2. Leadership Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
  3. Resources, Local Public Health Association of Minnesota

 

D. Self-care for leaders

  1. Self-Healing and Self-Care for Nurses, Crane, P. and Ward, S., Association of periOperative Registered Nurses Journal

 

E. Working with boards

  1. NALBOH's Six Functions of Public Health Governance, National Association of Local Boards of Health
  2. Chapter 9. Developing an Organizational Structure for the Initiative: Section 6. Maintaining a Board of Directors, University of Kansas

 

XI. Organizational workforce development

 

A. Mission, vision, values

  1. Developing Strategic and Action Plans, University of Kansas
  2. Strategic Plan, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Please contact your public health nurse consultant for resources related to mission, vision, and values

 

B. Performance excellence

  1. About Baldrige, US Department of Commerce
  2. Introduction to Performance Management, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Local Public Health Act Annual Reporting, Minnesota Department of Health

 

C. Workforce development, public health core competencies

  1. Competency Assessments for Public Health Professionals, Public Health Foundation
  2. Chapter 13. Orienting Ideas in Leadership: Section 1. Developing a Plan for Building Leadership, University of Kansas
  3. Review and Ratings of Selected Online Courses for Public Health Professionals (PDF), Western Region Public Health Training Center; you can also find trainings by core competencies, along with a short description and ranking, or sign up for a newsletter
  4. CDC Learning Connection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

 

D. Intercultural development

  1. Cultural Competence, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Health Equity, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Office of Minority Health, US Department of Health and Human Services
  4. Chapter 27. Cultural Competence in a Multicultural World: Section 1. Understanding Culture and Diversity in Building Communities, University of Kansas
  5. Cultural Competence Checklist: Personal Reflection (PDF), American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
  6. Culture Care Connection, Stratis Health
  7. Please contact your public health nurse consultant for further resources on cultural competence

 

E. Staff communication

  1. Chapter 15. Becoming an Effective Manager: Section 4. Promoting Internal Communication, University of Kansas

 

F. Team-building

  1. Chapter 13. Orienting Ideas in Leadership: Section 4. Building Teams: Broadening the Base for Leadership, University of Kansas
  2. Video Review for First Break All the Rules by Marcus Buckingham and Curt Coffman, Callibrain, YouTube (video autoplays)
  3. The Leadership Challenge: How to Make Extraordinary Things Happen in Organizations, 5th Edition, Kouzes, J. and Posner, B.
  4. The Five Dysfunctions of a Team, Lencioni, P.
  5. The Primes (view books, resources)
  6. MindTools (requires paid account)

 

G. Coaching and supervision

  1. Reflective Practice and Program Development, Zero to Three
  2. Reflective Practice (RP) in Home Visiting, Minnesota Department of Health

 

H. Generational differences in the workplace

  1. How to Manage Different Generations, Wall Street Journal

 

XII. Increasing the visibility of public health

 

A. Branding, using a public health logo

  1. Public Health Logo, National Association of County and City Health Officials

 

B. Building and maintaining public trust

  1. The Goodman Center (some resources may have associated costs)
  2. Communication and marketing: A foundational capability for local health departments (PDF), National Association of County and City Health Officials
  3. Health communications basics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

 

C. Orientation to public health for newly elected officials

  1. National Association of Local Boards of Health (NALBOH)
  2. Local Elected Official Orientation, Minnesota Department of Health
  3. Explaining Minnesota's Public Health System to Policymakers, Minnesota Department of Health

 

D. Media relations

  1. Gateway to health communication, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

 

E. Social marketing

  1. Gateway to health communication, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  2. Social Media at CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  3. In the know: Social media for public health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  4. Social media tips (PDF), National Association of County and City Health Officials
  5. Social media toolkit: A primer for local health department PIOs and communications professionals (PDF), National Association of County and City Health Officials

 

F. Risk communication

  1. The Peter M. Sandman Risk Communication Website
  2. Risk Communication, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

 

G. Storytelling

  1. Storytelling Template (DOC), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  2. Division of Public Health, Kansas Department of Health and Environment

 

XIII. Environmental health

 

A. Delegation agreements

  1. Delegated Programs: Environmental Health Division, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Environmental Health Delegation Agreements, Minnesota Department of Health

 

B. Drinking water protection

  1. Water and Health, Minnesota Department of Health

 

C. Licensing jurisdiction

  1. Licensing Jurisdiction: Food, Pools, and Lodging Services (FPLS), Minnesota Department of Health

 

D. Food, Pools, and Lodging Program

  1. Licensing: Food, Pools, and Lodging Services (FPLS), Minnesota Department of Health

 

E. Food Safety Partnership

  1. Food Safety Partnership of Minnesota, Minnesota Department of Health

 

F. Local partner resources

  1. Local Partner Resources: Environmental Health Resources for Local Government Agencies, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Environmental Health Continuous Improvement Board

 

G. Manufactured home parks, recreational camping areas, youth camps

  1. Manufactured Home Parks and Recreational Camping Areas, Minnesota Department of Health

 

H. MDH Environmental Health contacts

  1. Program Contacts: Environmental Health Division, Minnesota Department of Health

 

I. MDH Partnership and Workforce Development Unit

  1. Partnership and Workforce Development Unit (PWDU), Minnesota Department of Health

 

J. Environmental health topics

  1. Topic Index: Environmental Health Division, Minnesota Department of Health

 

K. Climate change

  1. Climate and Health, Minnesota Department of Health

 

XIV. Health care reform

 

A. At the state level

  1. Health Care Facilities, Providers, and Insurance, Minnesota Department of Health

 

B. At the federal level

  1. HealthCare.gov

 

XV. Health informatics

 

A. eHealth

  1. Electronic Health Record (EHR) Information, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Health Information Exchange (HIE), Minnesota Department of Health

 

B. The Omaha System

  1. The Omaha System: Solving the Clinical Data and Information Puzzle

 

XVI. Public health 3.0

 

A. Health impact assessment

  1. Health Impact Assessment (HIA), Minnesota Department of Health

 

B. Cross-jurisdictional sharing

  1. Consideration for Shared Governance Structures: A Toolkit of the Minnesota Shared Services Learning Collaborative (PDF), Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Center for Sharing Public Health Services

 

C. Comprehensive planning

  1. Comprehensive Plans, MDH

 

D. Health in all policies

  1. Health in All Policies: A Guide for State and Local Governments, Public Health Institute

 

E. Public health as chief health care strategist

  1. Public Health 3.0: A Call to Action to Create a 21st Century Public Health Infrastructure (PDF), US Department of Health and Human Services
  2. The High Achieving Health Department in 2020, RESOLVE

 

XVII. Evolving and Emerging Issues

 

A. Promoting the mental health continuum

  1. Improving Mental Health and Well Being: A Vision for Minnesota's Public Health System (PDF), SCHSAC Mental Health Workgroup
  2. Mental Health Promotion, Minnesota Department of Health

 

B. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)

  1. Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) in Minnesota, Minnesota Department of Health

 

C. Violence (including gun violence)

  1. Injury and Violence Prevention, Minnesota Department of Health
  2. Gun Violence, American Public Health Association