Asthma in Minnesota 2012 Epidemiology Report
For more recent data on a select set of Minnesota asthma indicators go to Quick Facts - Asthma in Minnesota
The Minnesota Department of Health Asthma Program maintains an asthma surveillance system to better understand and describe the impact of asthma in Minnesota. Tracking different aspects of asthma – the number of people with the disease, visits to the hospital and the emergency room, quality of life, and mortality – are important guides to planning education and intervention programs, and to developing policies that are necessary for preventing and controlling asthma in the future.
Asthma in Minnesota
According to 2010 data, nearly 400,000 Minnesota children and adults have asthma. This impact multiplies because managing this disease affects both the person who has asthma, as well as their family members and other supportive people in their lives.
The good news is that many public health indicators showing the impact of asthma are improving. For example, asthma hospitalization rates continue to decline in the Twin Cities metropolitan area, particularly among children, and the percent of youth with asthma who report having asthma action plans has increased.
While the situation is improving, we still have work to do to improve the health of Minnesotans with asthma. One in 10 Minnesota youth report having asthma-like symptoms but do not have an asthma diagnosis. Fifty-three percent of youth with asthma, compared with 42% of youth who do not have asthma, report exposure to secondhand smoke, a potential asthma trigger.
There are also notable disparities in asthma prevalence by race/ethnicity. According to the Minnesota Student Survey, American Indian and African/African American students are more likely than other students are to have been diagnosed with asthma at some point in their lives.
In addition, geographic disparities in rates of asthma-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations remain.
This report also includes:
- Information on asthma risk factors
- Asthma disparities and asthma self-management education.
- Detailed data tables, including rates of asthma-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations by county.
- Data on the extent that Minnesota’s prescribing providers are implementing and utilizing best practices for managing asthma.
The Asthma in Minnesota 2012 Epidemiology Report includes a wide range of data sources to describe the burden of asthma in Minnesota. When possible, the organization of this report is around the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Expert Panel Report 3 (EPR-3) national guidelines for asthma diagnosis and management. Specifically, focused on the four key components of asthma care:
- Assessment and monitoring of asthma symptoms;
- Education provided to patients on how to manage their asthma; and
- Recognition and control of co-morbid conditions and environmental factors that can make asthma worse.