Asthma Quick Facts -Minnesota Department of Health

Asthma Quick Facts

How common is asthma in Minnesota?

  • One in 14 children (7.1%) and one in 13 adults (7.5%) currently have asthma, adding up to around 408,000 Minnesotans who have asthma.1
  • In 2016, there were 18,200 emergency department visits and 1,900 hospitalizations for asthma across Minnesota.2
  • In 2017, there were 55 deaths due to asthma in Minnesota.
    • 55% of those who died were age 65 or older when they died.
    • There were 8 deaths among residents under age 35.3

Are there disparities in asthma rates in Minnesota?

The likelihood of having asthma differs by race/ethnicity.

  • American Indian and African American middle/high school students are more likely than other students to have been diagnosed with asthma.4

There are significant differences in the rates of hospitalizations and emergency department visits for asthma by region of the state.

  • Asthma hospitalization rates for children living in the Twin Cities metropolitan area are 67% higher than for children living in Greater Minnesota.
  • Rates of ED visits for asthma for children living in the Twin Cities metro area are nearly twice as high as for children living in Greater Minnesota.
  • In certain ZIP codes in the city of Minneapolis, hospitalization rates for asthma among children are 4 times higher than the statewide rate.2

There are also disparities in rates of deaths due to asthma in Minnesota.

  • Asthma death rates are 4 times higher among African Americans and 2 times higher among Asian/Pacific Islanders than among whites.
  • Among those who were under age 65 when they died, the asthma death rate for African Americans was 6 times higher than it was for whites.5

What is the economic cost of asthma?

  • In 2014, asthma cost an estimated $669.3 million, including $614.9 million in direct medical expenses and $54.3 million in lost work days.6

Explore the Data: State

Data Briefs

Asthma in Minnesota: Results From the 2015 Call-Back Survey
The Asthma Call-Back Survey is a comprehensive survey of asthma in children and adults in Minnesota conducted annually since 2015. The telephone survey includes questions on asthma symptoms, work-related asthma, asthma management, asthma triggers in the home, asthma self-management education and access to care.


Fact Sheets

Minnesota Public Health Data Access Portal

MN Public Health Data Access Portal – Asthma in Minnesota
The data access portal provides additional information on Asthma Emergency Department (ED) visits and Asthma Hospitalizations in Minnesota. Explore the data by viewing charts, interactive and static maps, or by selecting a asthma query ( state or one or more counties).

Additional Resources - National

American Lung Association:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI)

1 Minnesota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016
2Hospital Uniform Billing (UB) Claims Data, Health Economics Program, MDH and Minnesota Hospital Association, 2016
3Minnesota Center for Health Statistics, 2017
4Minnesota Student Survey, 2016
5Adjusted rates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics, Compressed Mortality File on CDC WONDER Online Database, 2007- 2016
6 National Asthma Control Program, CDC


Updated Monday, 15-Jul-2019 11:34:02 CDT