Asthma Quick Facts
How common is asthma in Minnesota?
- Approximately one in 20 children (5.1%)1and one in 12 adults (8.3%)1 currently have asthma, adding up to around 422,703 Minnesotans who have asthma.2
- In 2019, there were 17,023 emergency department visits and 1,754 hospitalizations for asthma across Minnesota.3
- In Minnesota in 2020, 88 people died due to asthma.
- 50% of those who died were age 65 or older when they died.
- 25% of those who died were 85 or older when they died.
- There were no deaths among residents under age 35.4
Are there disparities in asthma rates in Minnesota?
The likelihood of having asthma differs by race/ethnicity.
- American Indian and African American middle/high school students are more likely than other students to have been diagnosed with asthma.5
There are significant differences in the rates of hospitalizations and emergency department visits for asthma by region of the state.
- Asthma hospitalization rates for children living in the Twin Cities metropolitan area are almost 75% higher than for children living in Greater Minnesota.
- Rates of ED visits for asthma for children living in the Twin Cities metro area are nearly 40% higher than for children living in Greater Minnesota.
- In certain ZIP codes in the city of Minneapolis, hospitalization rates for asthma are 3 to 5 times higher than the statewide rate.3
There are also disparities in rates of deaths due to asthma in Minnesota.
- Rates of asthma deaths among Blacks are higher than among other racial groups. Rates among Blacks have declined in recent years but, for the period 2016-2020, were still 1.7 times higher than among whites.6
- Among those under age 65 when they died, the asthma death rate for African American was 3 times higher than for whites.6
- Asthma death rates among Asians, which used to be lower than among whites, is now higher.6
What is the economic cost of asthma?
- In 2012, Minnesotans spent an estimated $6.7 billion on health care for asthma. Lost work days cost an additional $54.3 million.7
Explore the Data: State
- Asthma in Minnesota Fact Sheet (PDF) - Updated 1/2022
- Asthma among Middle & High School Students (PDF) - Updated 12/2021
Data in this fact sheet come from the 2019 Minnesota Student Survey that was conducted among more than 170,000 students in grades 5, 8, 9 and 11 from schools across the state.
- Asthma in Minnesota: Results From the 2017 Call-Back Survey (PDF)
The Asthma Call-Back Survey is a comprehensive survey of asthma in children and adults in Minnesota conducted annually since 2015. The telephone survey includes questions on asthma symptoms, work-related asthma, asthma management, asthma triggers in the home, asthma self-management education and access to care.
- Tobacco use and Asthma (PDF) - 8//2019
- Smoking and Vaping around Youth who have Asthma - 8/2019
Asthma Among Minnesota Health Care Program Beneficiaries: A Joint Report from the Minnesota Department of Health and the Minnesota Department of Human Services (PDF) (December 2018)
This report provides updated data on the burden of asthma in the public health care programs overseen by Minnesota Department of Health and Human Services.
Minnesota Public Health Data Access Portal
MN Public Health Data Access Portal – Asthma in Minnesota
The data access portal provides additional information on Asthma Emergency Department (ED) visits and Asthma Hospitalizations in Minnesota. Explore the data by viewing charts, interactive and static maps, or by selecting a asthma query ( state or one or more counties).
Additional Data Resources - National
American Lung Association:
Allergy & Asthma Network
Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health
1 Minnesota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2018
2Minnesota State Demographic Center, 2018
3Minnesota Public Health Data Access, 2019
4Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC WONDER Online Database
5Minnesota Student Survey, 2019
6 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database, Underlying cause of Health, 1999-2020.
7Health Economics Program.Chronic Conditions in Minnesota: New Estimates of Prevalence, Cost and Geographic Variation for Insured Minnesotans, 2012.