Asthma Quick Facts
How common is asthma in Minnesota?
- One in 14 children (7.1%) and one in 13 adults (7.5%) currently have asthma, adding up to around 408,000 Minnesotans who have asthma.1
- In 2016, there were 18,200 emergency department visits and 1,900 hospitalizations for asthma across Minnesota.2
- In 2017, there were 55 deaths due to asthma in Minnesota.
- 55% of those who died were age 65 or older when they died.
- There were 8 deaths among residents under age 35.3
Are there disparities in asthma rates in Minnesota?
The likelihood of having asthma differs by race/ethnicity.
- American Indian and African American middle/high school students are more likely than other students to have been diagnosed with asthma.4
There are significant differences in the rates of hospitalizations and emergency department visits for asthma by region of the state.
- Asthma hospitalization rates for children living in the Twin Cities metropolitan area are 67% higher than for children living in Greater Minnesota.
- Rates of ED visits for asthma for children living in the Twin Cities metro area are nearly twice as high as for children living in Greater Minnesota.
- In certain ZIP codes in the city of Minneapolis, hospitalization rates for asthma among children are 4 times higher than the statewide rate.2
There are also disparities in rates of deaths due to asthma in Minnesota.
- Asthma death rates are 4 times higher among African Americans and 2 times higher among Asian/Pacific Islanders than among whites.
- Among those who were under age 65 when they died, the asthma death rate for African Americans was 6 times higher than it was for whites.5
What is the economic cost of asthma?
- In 2014, asthma cost an estimated $669.3 million, including $614.9 million in direct medical expenses and $54.3 million in lost work days.6
Explore the Data: State
Asthma in Minnesota: Results From the 2015 Call-Back Survey
The Asthma Call-Back Survey is a comprehensive survey of asthma in children and adults in Minnesota conducted annually since 2015. The telephone survey includes questions on asthma symptoms, work-related asthma, asthma management, asthma triggers in the home, asthma self-management education and access to care.
- Asthma Among Minnesota Health Care Program Beneficiaries: A Joint Report from the Minnesota Department of Health and the Minnesota Department of Human Services (PDF) (December 2018)
This report provides updated data on the burden of asthma in the public health care programs overseen by Minnesota Department of Health and Human Services.
- Updated 11/2017 Asthma in Minnesota Fact Sheet (PDF)
- 11/2017 Asthma in Minnesota Middle and High School Students (PDF)
Data in this fact sheet come from the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey that was conducted among more than 160,000 students in grades 5, 8, 9 and 11 from schools across the state.
Minnesota Public Health Data Access Portal
MN Public Health Data Access Portal – Asthma in Minnesota
The data access portal provides additional information on Asthma Emergency Department (ED) visits and Asthma Hospitalizations in Minnesota. Explore the data by viewing charts, interactive and static maps, or by selecting a asthma query ( state or one or more counties).
Additional Resources - National
American Lung Association:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI)
1 Minnesota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016
2Hospital Uniform Billing (UB) Claims Data, Health Economics Program, MDH and Minnesota Hospital Association, 2016
3Minnesota Center for Health Statistics, 2017
4Minnesota Student Survey, 2016
5Adjusted rates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics, Compressed Mortality File on CDC WONDER Online Database, 2007- 2016
6 National Asthma Control Program, CDC