Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health
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Health Data Intermediary means an entity that provides the technical capabilities or related products and services to enable health information exchange among health care providers that are not related health care entities as defined in section 144.291, subdivision 2, paragraph (U). This includes but is not limited to: health information service providers (HISP), electronic health record vendors, and pharmaceutical electronic data intermediaries as defined in section 62J.495.
The use of the principles and practices of computer science in addressing the problems of health care. An interdisciplinary field of scholarship that applies computer, information, management and cognitive sciences to promote the effective and efficient use and analysis of information to improve the health of individuals, the community and society.
See Also: Informatics
HIE (the verb) is the electronic transmission of health-related information between organizations (assuming the patient/individual has provided consent to share the information).
HIE (the noun) is an organization that facilitates health information exchange. Several of these HIE service providers operate in Minnesota.
"Health information exchange" means the electronic transmission of health-related information between organizations according to nationally recognized standards.
Electronic health information exchange (HIE) allows doctors, nurses, pharmacists, other health care providers and patients to appropriately access and securely share a patient’s vital medical information electronically—improving the speed, quality, safety and cost of patient care.
The noun use of HIE refers to an organization, usually a legal corporation, that facilitates information exchange (the verb form) within a network of facilities, community, state or region. In Minnesota, these are called health information exchange service providers and are certified by the state as either a health data intermediary or a health information organization.
Reference: Dixon, B. (2016). What is Health Information Exchange? In B.E. Dixon (Ed), Health Information Exchange. Navigating and Managing a Network of Health Information Systems.
The electronic transmission of health-related information between organizations according to nationally recognized standards. HIE provides value in that individuals, caregivers, and providers can appropriately access and securely share health information electronically—improving the speed, quality, safety and cost of care.
Reference: Minnesota Statute 62J.498, Subdivision 1, paragraph (f)
Health Information Exchange Service Provider means a health data intermediary or health information organization that has been issued a certificate of authority by the commissioner under section 62J.4981.
Health Information Organization means an organization that oversees, governs, and facilitates health information exchange among health care providers that are not related health care entities as defined in section 144.291, subdivision 2, paragraph (U), to improve coordination of patient care and the efficiency of health care delivery.
A HISP is an actor that serves the backbone exchange needs of Source and Destination actors and should be thought of in the context of message delivery/receipt and not in the context of governance responsibilities.
HIT is the application of information processing involving both computer hardware and software that deals with the storage, retrieval, sharing, and use of health care information, data, and knowledge for communication and decision making.
HIPAA is a federal law intended to improve the portability of health insurance and simplify health care administration. HIPAA sets standards for electronic transmission of claims-related information and for ensuring the security and privacy of all individually identifiable health information.
Reference: CMS HIPAA info can be found at https://www.cms.gov/Outreach-and-Education/Medicare-Learning-Network-MLN/MLNProducts/Downloads/HIPAAPrivacyandSecurity.pdf. The Office for Civil Rights (the Enforcer of HIPAA Privacy) website under HIPAA is https://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/index.html.
HL7 is a standard interface for exchanging and translating data between computer systems. HL7 is also a not-for-profit organization accredited by the American National Standards Institutes (ANSI) that develops standards for data transfer.
HL7 and its members provide a framework (and related standards) for the exchange, integration, sharing, and retrieval of electronic health information. These standards define how information is packaged and communicated from one party to another, setting the language, structure and data types required for seamless integration between systems. HL7 standards support clinical practice and the management, delivery, and evaluation of health services, and are recognized as the most commonly used in the world.
HIMSS is the healthcare industry's membership organization exclusively focused on providing leadership for the optimal use of healthcare information technology and management systems for the betterment of human health.