Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health
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A computer-based information management system created specifically for laboratories, used to support workflows in the laboratory—as well as the repository to store laboratory data—while supporting the laboratory mission. LIS and LIMS are sometimes used interchangeably. LIS is traditionally used to refer to systems that support clinical settings and patient-specific specimens while LIMS are systems designed to support public health, national reference laboratories, research laboratories or other non-clinical settings and are sample centric, with focus on data analysis and workflow and features to meet regulatory requirements.
Reference: Minnesota Department of Health, Center for Health Information Policy and Transformation, https://www.aphl.org/aboutAPHL/publications/Documents/GH-2018Nov-LIS-Guidebook-web.pdf
LOINC is a coding system for the electronic exchange of laboratory test results and other observations. LOINC development involved a public-private partnership comprised of several federal agencies, academia, and the vendor community. This model can be applied to other standards setting domains. LOINC databases provide sets of universal names and ID codes for identifying laboratory and clinical test results. The purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results, such as blood hemoglobin, serum potassium, or vital signs, for clinical care, outcomes management, and research.