Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health
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Refer to Direct Secure Messaging. Secure messaging is an approach to protect sensitive data using industry standards. It includes security features that go beyond typical email to (1) protect the confidentiality and integrity of sensitive data transmitted between systems or organizations and (2) provides proof of the origin of the data. Secure messages are encrypted bi-directionally and are stored on network or internet servers that are protected by login. Secure messaging functionality may be integrated with the electronic health record (EHR) or maintained in a system separate and distinct from the EHR.
Reference: adapted from National Institute of Standards and Technology, https://www.nist.gov/
In information systems, the degree to which data, databases, or other assets are protected from exposure to accidental or malicious disclosure, interruption, unauthorized access, modification, removal or destruction.
Security safeguards can protect the people, information, technology, and facilities that health care organizations depend on to help care for their patients.
The HIPAA Security Rule establishes national standards to protect individuals’ electronic personal health information that is created, received, used, or maintained by a covered entity. The Security Rule requires appropriate administrative, physical and technical safeguards to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and security of electronic protected health information.
There are three types of security safeguards:
- Administrative Safeguards– Administrative safeguards are administrative actions, policies, and procedures to prevent, detect, contain, and correct security violations.
- Physical Safeguards– These safeguards are physical measures, policies, and procedures to protect electronic information systems and related buildings and equipment from natural and environmental hazards and unauthorized intrusion.
- Technical Safeguards –These safeguards are the technology and the policy and procedures for its use that protect electronic protected health information and control access to it.
Reference: adapted from National Institute of Standards and Technology, https://www.healthit.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/privacy/privacy-and-security-guide.pdf (2015)
Reference: adapted from National Institute of Standards and Technology, https://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-professionals/security/index.html ONC privacy and security resources - https://www.healthit.gov/topic/privacy-security-and-hipaa/health-it-privacy-and-security-resources-providers
HIMSS - This section identifies all materials that deal with security issues. There may be some overlap with privacy but not necessarily. https://www.himss.org/
SNOMED CT is a dynamic, scientifically validated clinical health care terminology and infrastructure that makes health care knowledge more usable and accessible. The SNOMED CT Core terminology provides a common language that enables a consistent way of capturing, sharing and aggregating health data across specialties and sites of care. Among the applications for SNOMED CT are electronic medical records, ICU monitoring, clinical decision support, medical research studies, clinical trials, computerized physician order entry, disease surveillance, image indexing and consumer health information services.
Common and repeated rules, conditions, guidelines, or characteristics that define how to collect, use, and share electronic health information. Different categories of e-health standards define the language and data types and the format, structure, transport, security and functionality. A set of e-health standards is required for a single interoperability need such as sending a referral to a specialist or a prescription to a pharmacy.
Reference: Minnesota e-Health Standards Guidance (PDF)
Standards Development Organization groups work cooperatively to develop voluntary national consensus standards in healthcare. Most SDOs produce standards (sometimes called specifications or protocols) for a particular healthcare domain such as pharmacy, medical devices, imaging or insurance (claims processing) transactions. SDOs are generally not-for-profit volunteer organizations whose members develop the standards.
See also: AHIC, ANSI, & NCPDP, HL7, SNOMED or LOINC
State-Certified Health Data Intermediary means a Health Data Intermediary that has been issued a certificate of authority to operate in Minnesota.
State-Certified Health Information Organization means a Health Information Organization that has been issued a certificate of authority to operate in Minnesota.