Signs and Symptoms
See a Doctor or Clinic if These Symptoms are PresentFor Women:
- Unusual discharge or smell from the vagina
- Burning or itching around the vagina
- Bleeding from vagina not associated with period
- Pelvic pain during sexual intercourse
- Persistent, unexplained pain in pelvic area
- Pus or other discharge from penis
For Both Women and Men:
- Sores, bumps or blisters on or near the genitals, mouth or anus
- Burning and pain during urination or a bowel movement
- Swelling in the groin (the area around your genitals)
- Many STDs have no signs and symptoms. Sometimes, the symptoms go away but the STD is still present.
- Some people believe that if a blood sample is taken during a visit to the doctor that they are checking for STDs. This may not be true.
- People should talk to their doctors about being tested for STDs if they are at risk.
- Testing for STDs may not be done during routine gynecological exams for women.
Most STDs are Spread by:
- Vaginal sex
- Oral sex
- Anal sex
- Infected mother to newborn
If left untreated, some STDs can:
- Spread to sex partners or syringe-sharing partners
- Be serious and painful
- Cause permanent damage to reproductive organs
- Lead to infertility in men and women
- Infect newborns, and may lead to serious complications and even death of infants
- Cause heart disease, blindness, arthritis, brain damage or death
- Avoiding vaginal, oral or anal sex is the best way to prevent STDs.
- Limit the number of sex partners.
- Condoms, when used consistently and correctly, are highly effective in preventing transmission of HIV and most STDs.
- Always use condoms during vaginal and anal sex.
- Use a condom for oral sex on a penis.
- Use a barrier (dental dam or condom cut in half) for oral sex on a vagina or anus.
- Notify sex partners immediately if you have an STD.
- Make sure partners are tested and treated at same time to prevent re-infection.
- CDC Condom Locator
Search by zip code to find free or low-cost condoms near you.
Testing and Treatment
- Get a test from a medical provider if infection is suspected.
- Some STDs can be cured using medication prescribed by a medical provider.
- Don’t use home remedies.
- STD Testing
Find free or low-cost testing near you.
Just Diagnosed? Next Steps After Testing Positive for Gonorrhea or Chlamydia (CDC)
If you’ve just found out that you have gonorrhea or chlamydia, you may be trying to figure out what to do next.
What You and Your Partner Should Know about Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
Information for you and your partner after being diagnosed with chlamydia and/or gonorrhea.
STD/HIV Partner Services Program
The Partner Services Program offers people who have been diagnosed with HIV or an STD free medical, prevention, and other services, including help with partner notification.