Syphilis in Pregnancy and Congenital Syphilis
Information for health professionals on working with pregnant people.
Untreated syphilis in pregnant people can lead to low birth weight, early delivery or stillbirth, baby's death shortly after birth, and/or lifelong health problems.
Effective prevention and detection of congenital syphilis depends on the identification of syphilis in pregnant people, and therefore, on the routine serologic screening of pregnant people during the first prenatal visit.
The following are scenarios related to the congenital syphilis evaluation and treatment of infants born to pregnant people who have reactive serologic tests for syphilis during pregnancy.
- Scenario 1: Proven or highly probable congenital syphilis
- Scenario 2: Possible congenital syphilis
- Scenario 3: Congenital syphilis is less likely
- Scenario 4: Congenital syphilis unlikely
For more detailed evaluation and treatment information, please see Congenital Syphilis.
Syphilis Screening During Pregnancy (PDF)
One-page summary of syphilis screening guidelines during pregnancy.
Clinical Guidelines for Syphilis during Pregnancy and Congenital Syphilis, including Infants and Children (PDF)
Clinical guidelines for syphilis during pregnancy, congenital syphilis, and syphilis in infants and children. Revised February 2019.
Providers must report cases of syphilis, including congenital syphilis.
- Reporting Syphilis (lab-confirmed cases)
Lab-confirmed cases of Syphilis (Treponema pallidum) must be reported to MDH within one working day.
Confidential STD Case Report Form | FAQs about STD & HIV Reporting
- Syphilis and Women Fact Sheet (PDF)
Fact sheet answering frequently asked questions about syphilis and women.
Congenital Syphilis - CDC Fact Sheet
Recently, there has been a sharp increase in the number of babies born with syphilis in the United States. Protect your baby from congenital syphilis by getting tested for syphilis during your pregnancy.
Minnesota Women, Syphilis is on the rise: Get Tested (pregnancy card) (PDF)
This 5.5" x 8.5" card reminds pregnant women to get tested for syphilis.
- Revised Syphilis Screening Recommendations for Pregnant Women (PDF)
2/15/19: MDH letter to prenatal, perinatal, and pediatric health care providers.
News Release: Syphilis rates rise among women in Minnesota
2/2/16: Minnesota is seeing a significant increase of infectious and latent syphilis cases among women of all racial and ethnic groups.