Diabetes in Minnesota
How many adults in Minnesota have diabetes?
- 2017, 7.8% of Minnesota adults (about 330,000)1 had been diagnosed with diabetes (type 1 or 2).1
- Around 18,000 new cases are diagnosed in Minnesota each year (2010).
- Around 1 in 10 people with diabetes do not know that they have the disease.2
For information about diabetes in the U.S., please read the National Diabetes Statistics Report 2017.
Are there disparities in diabetes rates in Minnesota?
Disparities happen when the health of a group of people are negatively affected by factors like how much money they earn, their race or ethnicity, or where they live. In Minnesota, we currently collect data specific to two of these factors.
- Education: In 2017, about 5.2 percent1* of adults who have a college degree report having diabetes compared with 8.9 percent1* of adults who do not.
- Income: Health survey data from 2013 through 2017 show that self-reported diabetes rates are higher for people living in households that earn lower incomes.1*
How is Minnesota monitoring diabetes management?
Healthcare providers measure five diabetes goals to monitor how well a patient’s diabetes is controlled. These goals are influenced by a number of different factors: individual factors, community-level factors, and healthcare-related factors. This information is reported as the Optimal Diabetes Care measure. Overall in Minnesota, 45 percent of adults met all five diabetes goals.3
There are disparities in the percentage of people who meet all five diabetes goals. We show some of the disparities observed in 2016 below:
- Race: 24 percent of American Indian or Alaska Native meet the Optimal Diabetes Care measure as compared to 48 percent of Asian adults.3
- Ethnicity: 36 percent of Hispanic or Latino adults meet the Optimal Diabetes Care measure as compared to 45 percent of non-Hispanic adults.3
- Language: 34 percent of adults who prefer to speak Hmong meet the Optimal Diabetes Care measure as compared to 57 percent of adults who prefer to speak Vietnamese.3
- Insurance type: 33 percent of adults receiving health insurance through State of Minnesota programs such as Medical Assistance and MinnesotaCare meet the Optimal Diabetes Care measure as compared to 48 percent of all other adults in Minnesota.4
What are Minnesota's estimated medical costs of diabetes in 2017?
Diabetes increases a person’s risk for a variety of health conditions including high blood pressure, kidney disease, heart disease, stroke, vision problems and nerve problems.5 The costs of diabetes include costs for routine medical care and treating these conditions, described below, as well as productivity costs like being unable to work and personal financial and emotional costs.6
- Diagnosed diabetes: $4.7 billion dollars.6
- Undiagnosed diabetes: $373 million7 for the people who have diabetes but do not know it.2
- Gestational diabetes can affect pregnancy outcomes and it is associated with increased risk of developing diabetes (new onset-diabetes during pregnancy): $24 million.7
For more information
1CDC, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Study
2 Selvin, E et al. 2017 Identifying Trends in Undiagnosed Diabetes in U.S. Adults by Using a Confirmatory Definition. Ann Intern Med. 167(11):769-776.
3 Minnesota Community Measurement, 2017 Health Equity of Care Report
4 Minnesota Community Measurement: 2017 Health Care Disparities Report for Minnesota Health Care Programs
5 American Diabetes Association website, Complications (accessed 10/31/2018)
6 American Diabetes Association. Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S. in 2017. Diabetes Care 41(5):917-928.
7 Dall, TM et al. 2014 The Economic Burden of Elevated Blood Glucose Levels in 2012: Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, and Prediabetes. Diabetes Care 37(12):3172-9.