Infectious Disease Reporting
Reporting of cases of infectious diseases and related conditions is a vital step in controlling and preventing the spread of communicable disease. By law, a number of infectious diseases must be reported to the Minnesota Department of Health.
- Acanthamoeba spp. (via free-living amebic infection)
- Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (via HIV reporting)
- Amebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica/dispar)
- Anaplasmosis (Anaplasma phagocytophilum)
- Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
- Arboviral disease
- Babesiosis (Babesia spp.)
- Balamuthia spp. (via free-living amebic infection)
- Blastomycosis (Blastomyces dermatitidis)
- Botulism (Clostridium botulinum)
- Brucellosis (Brucella spp.)
- Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter spp.)
- Candida auris (Minn. Rules 4605.7080)
- (Invasive) Candidiasis (Sentinel surveillance)
- Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) (Minn. Rules 4605.7080)
- Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CR-PA) (Sentinel surveillance)
- Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)
- Cat scratch disease (infection caused by Bartonella species)
- Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi)
- Chickenpox (via Varicella disease)
- Chikungunya virus disease
- Chlamydia trachomatis infections
- Cholera (Vibrio cholerae)
- Clostridium difficile (Sentinel surveillance)
- Congenital rubella syndrome (via Rubella)
- COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 Infections (Minn. Rules 4605.7080)
- Cronobacter (Enterobacter) sakazakii
- Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium spp.)
- Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora spp.)
- Dengue virus infection
- Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae)
- Diphyllobothrium latum infection
- Eastern equine encephalitis (via Arboviral disease)
- Ebola virus disease (via viral hemorrhagic fever)
- Ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia spp.)
- Encephalitis (caused by viral agents)
- Enteric Escherichia coli infection
- Free-living amebic infection
- Giardiasis (Giardia intestinalis)
- Glanders (Burkholderia mallei)
- Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections)
- Haemophilus influenzae disease
- Hantavirus infection
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome
- Hepatitis (all primary viral types including A, B, C, D, and E)
- Histoplasmosis (Histoplasma capsulatum)
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection,
including Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
- Jamestown Canyon virus disease (via Arboviral disease)
- Kawasaki disease
- Kingella spp.
- La Crosse encephalitis (via Arboviral disease)
- Lassa fever (via viral hemorrhagic fever)
- Legionellosis (Legionella spp.)
- Leprosy (Hansen’s disease) (Mycobacterium leprae)
- Leptospirosis (Leptospira interrogans)
- Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)
- Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi, and other Borrelia spp.)
- Malaria (Plasmodium spp.)
- Measles (rubeola)
- Melioidosis (Burkholderia pseudomallei)
- Meningitis (caused by viral agents)
- Meningococcal disease (Neisseria meningitidis)
- Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
- Naegleria fowleri (via free-living amebic infection)
- Neonatal sepsis
- Nontuberculous Mycobacteria, Pulmonary (NTM) (Sentinel surveillance)
- Extrapulmonary Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (ENTM) (Sentinel surveillance)
- Extrapulmonary Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (ENTM) (Sentinel surveillance)
- Orthopox virus
- Pertussis (Bordetella pertussis)
- Plague (Yersinia pestis)
- Powassan virus disease (via Arboviral disease)
- Psittacosis (Chlamydophila psittaci)
- Q fever (Coxiella burnetii)
- Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) (Sentinel surveillance)
- Retrovirus infection
- Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome
- Salmonellosis, including typhoid (Salmonella spp.)
- Sappinia spp. (via free-living amebic infection)
- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
- Shigellosis (Shigella spp.)
- Shingles (via zoster disease)
- Smallpox (variola)
- Spotted fever rickettsiosis (Rickettsia spp. infections, including Rocky Mountain spotted fever)
- St. Louis encephalitis (via Arboviral disease)
- Staphylococcus aureus (only VISA/VRSA, and death or critical illness due to community- associated Staphylococcus aureus in a previously healthy individual)
- (Invasive) Staphylococcus aureus Surveillance (Sentinel surveillance)
- Streptococcal disease
- Syphilis (Treponema pallidum)
- Tetanus (Clostridium tetani)
- Toxic shock syndrome
- Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
- Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy
- Trichinosis (Trichinella spiralis)
- Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex)
- Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)
- Typhoid (via salmonellosis)
- Typhus (Rickettsia spp.)
- Unusual or increased case incidence of any suspect infectious illness
- Vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA) (via Staphylococcus aureus)
- Vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA) (via Staphylococcus aureus)
- Varicella (chickenpox)
- Vibrio spp.
- Viral hemorrhagic fever (including but not limited to Ebola virus disease and Lassa fever)
- West Nile virus (via Arboviral disease)
- Western equine encephalitis (via Arboviral disease)
- Yellow fever
- Yersiniosis, enteric (Yersinia spp.)
- Zika virus disease
- Zoster (shingles)
List updated 3/16/2020, the Communicable Disease Reporting Rule was last modified 10/2018.
- Yellow Card
The MDH "Yellow Card" is used to report cases of most reportable infectious diseases in Minnesota residents to the Minnesota Department of Health.
- ABCs Case Report Form
The Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs) Case Report Form is used to report invasive bacterial disease caused by group A streptococcus, group B streptococcus, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidisor Streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Arboviral Disease Case Report Form
This form can be used to report chikungunya virus disease, Eastern equine encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon virus disease, La Crosse encephalitis, Powassan virus disease, St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile virus, Western equine encephalitis, yellow fever, Zika virus disease and other arboviral diseases.
- Blastomycosis Report Forms
The Blastomycosis report forms are used to report blastomycosis in humans or canines.
- Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Report Form
The Minnesota Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Report Form is used to report lab confirmed cases of chlamydia or gonorrhea in Minnesota residents to the Minnesota Department of Health.
- Enteric (Foodborne) Disease Reporting Form
The Enteric Disease Reporting Form can be used to report amebiasis, cryptosporidiosis, E. coli infection, giardiasis, listeriosis, salmonellosis, shigellosis, trichinosis, or yersiniosis.
- HIV/AIDS Confidential Case Report Forms
These forms are used to report cases of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota residents.
- Legionellosis Case Report Form
This form is used to report Legionellosis (Legionella spp.).
- Malaria Case Report Form
This form can be used to report Malaria (Plasmodium spp.) to the Minnesota Department of Health. Please report all patients (symptomatic or asymptomatic) who test positive for Plasmodium species.
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infection Case Report Form
This form is used for sentinel surveillance reporting of Invasive Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Hennepin and Ramsey Counties.
- Mumps Reporting Form
This form can be used to report mumps.
- Neonatal Sepsis Surveillance Forms
There are two forms that form can be used to report neonatal sepsis.
- Pertussis Reporting Form
This form can be used to report pertussis pertussis (Bordatella pertussis - whooping cough).
- Severe Group A Streptococcus (GAS) Infection
This form is used to report all invasive cases of GAS, and should be sent to MDH with the ABCs Case Report Form.
- Staphylococcus aureus (Rapidly Fatal or Serious Community-associated) Infection Case Report Form
This is the reporting form for rapidly fatal or serious community-associated Staphylococcus aureus (serious staph) infection.
- Syphilis Report Form
The Minnesota Confidential Syphilis Report Form is used to report lab confirmed cases of syphilis in Minnesota residents to the Minnesota Department of Health.
- Tickborne Disease Case Report Form
This form can be used to report anaplasmosis, babesiosis, ehrlichiosis, Lyme disease, and spotted fever rickettsiosis (including typhus).
- Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Case Report Form
This is the reporting form for Toxic Shock Syndrome.
- Toxoplasmosis Case Report Form
This is the form for health professionals to report Toxoplasmosis.
- Vancomycin Intermediate and Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VISA/VRSA) Case Report Form
This is the reporting form for VISA/VRSA.
- Varicella Reporting Form
This form can be used to report varicella (chickenpox) to the Minnesota Department of Health.
Who is required to report
- Health care practitioners (health care facilities, medical laboratories, and in certain circumstances veterinarians and veterinary medical laboratories) are required to report disease to the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) under Minnesota state law.
- Unless previously reported, every licensed health care provider who provides care to any patient who has, is suspected of having, or has died from a reportable disease is required to report.
- Any person in charge of any institution, school, child care facility, or camp is also required to report disease to MDH.
More about reporting infectious disease
- Reportable Disease Rule
Information about the Communicable Disease Reporting Rules and communicable disease reporting and HIPAA.
Reportable Disease Poster | Disease Reporting and HIPAA
- Annual Summary of Disease Activity
Infectious disease surveillance information (statistics).
- Minnesota Electronic Disease Surveillance System (MEDSS)