Retroviruses That May Cause Human Illness
Retroviruses are a family of viruses that are grouped together based on how they are structured and how they replicate within a host. Besides human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS, there a two other retroviruses that can cause human illness. One is called human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and the other is called human T-lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-II). Both of these viruses are transmitted between people through sexual contact, infected blood or tissue exposure, or during pregnancy or childbirth from an infected person to their child.
Retroviruses that may cause human illness
MDH overview of other retroviruses that may cause human illness.
Getting Tested for STDs
- STD Testing
Resources for finding STD testing clinics in your area.
Reporting a Case of Retrovirus
- Reporting Retrovirus Infections
MDH summary of procedures to report selected retroviruses.
Disease Reporting Rules, Chapter 4605
Statute summarizing the communicable diseases that are required to be reported in Minnesota.
Partner Services Program
The Partner Services Program assists people who have been diagnosed with HIV or an STD with partner notification, education, and resources.
More about Retroviruses
- STD Treatment Guidelines (CDC)
CDC’s latest treatment guidelines for STDs.
- Minnesota Family Planning
and STD Hotline
Toll-free hotline for confidential information about the prevention, testing locations and treatment of STDs in Minnesota (1-800-78-FACTS).
Other reporting: partner notification
- STD/HIV Partner Services Program
The Partner Services Program offers people who have been diagnosed with HIV or an STD free medical, prevention, and other services, including help with partner notification.
Who is required to report
- Health care practitioners (health care facilities, medical laboratories, and in certain circumstances veterinarians and veterinary medical laboratories) are required to report disease to the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) under Minnesota state law.
- Unless previously reported, every licensed health care provider who provides care to any patient who has, is suspected of having, or has died from a reportable disease is required to report.
- Any person in charge of any institution, school, child care facility, or camp is also required to report disease to MDH.