Flavors - Tobacco Prevention and Control - Minnesota Department of Health

Flavored Commercial Tobacco Products

an assortmen of flavored tobacco productsFederal law prohibits the manufacture and sale of flavored cigarettes, with the exception of menthol. However, flavors are still permitted in all other commercial tobacco products like cigars, chew and snuff, shisha, and e-cigarettes and vapes.

Flavored tobacco use is common among teens and young adults.

Two-thirds of Minnesota’s high school students who use tobacco report using menthol or other flavored tobacco products.1 Nationally, 7 in 10 middle and high school students who use tobacco use a flavored product.2

Among Minnesota adults ages 18-24 nearly all e-cigarette users report their usual e-cigarette is flavored, and 40.5% report their usual cigar is flavored.3

Flavored tobacco products entice youth and increase risk of addiction.

Flavors make it easier for youth to start using tobacco.

More than 80% of youth who ever tried tobacco reported starting with a flavored tobacco product.4, 5 According to the FDA nearly all youth who started using e-cigarettes did so with a flavored product.6
In order to attract new users, tobacco companies add chemicals to improve the flavor of the smoke and reduce harshness on the throat.7-10 Flavored tobacco products were introduced in the 1970s to make it easier for people to start and become regular smokers.11-13

Youth who use flavored tobacco are at greater risk of nicotine addiction and other health harms.

Teens who have tried flavored tobacco products are much more likely to be current smokers than teens who have never tried flavored tobacco products.14 Similarly, youth who start smoking menthol cigarettes are more likely to become regular smokers than those who start smoking non-menthol cigarettes.15, 16

Flavorings in e-cigarette liquids are also shown to be harmful when inhaled and can inflame and damage the airway and lung tissue.17-21

Menthol, the most popular commercial tobacco flavor, is still permitted in cigarettes.

Menthol increases the level of addiction people who smoke experience, especially among youth.15,16, 22-27 Currently all flavorings are prohibited from use in cigarettes in the U.S. with the exception of tobacco and menthol. Tobacco industry documents show efforts to market menthol products to African Americans, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ) communities, and young people.28, 29

Learn more about Menthol-Flavored Tobacco Products.

New and flavored tobacco products expose youth to nicotine.

Newer tobacco products, like e-cigarettes and vapes, contain nicotine, flavorings, and other additives.30 E-cigarettes are sold in over 15,000 fruit, candy, and other flavors,31 including flavors like tobacco, menthol, mint, banana, piña colada, chocolate, and many others.32

Over 37% of Minnesota high school students have tried e-cigarettes.1 Nearly one quarter of current e-cigarette users have never tried any conventional tobacco products.1

Nicotine is highly addictive and can harm the developing adolescent brain.17, 33, 34 Because the brain is still developing until about age 25, youth and young adult exposure to nicotine can lead to addiction and disrupt attention and learning.17 No amount of nicotine is safe for youth.

Learn more about E-cigarettes and Vapes.

Minnesota communities are working to reduce youth access to flavored tobacco.

Efforts to carry out proven tobacco control policies and evidence-based strategies are necessary to prevent all forms of tobacco use—including flavored tobacco products. Effective strategies include price increases and restricting youth access to tobacco products and exposure to tobacco product marketing.35

The Minnesota Department of Health supports the prohibition of flavored tobacco sales and efforts to reduce youth access to tobacco products, such as raising the prices and restricting where products are sold.

Download this information: Flavored Commercial Tobacco Products (PDF)

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References

  1. Minnesota Department of Health, Teens and Tobacco in Minnesota: Highlights from the 2017 Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey. 2018.
  2. Cullen, K.A., et al., Flavored tobacco product use among middle and high school students—United States, 2014–2018. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2019. 68(39): p. 839.
  3. ClearWay Minnesota, Minnesota Department of Health, Tobacco Use in Minnesota: 2018 Update. 2019.
  4. Villanti, A.C., et al., Flavored tobacco product use among U.S. young adults. Am J Prev Med, 2013. 44(4): p. 388-91.
  5. Cullen, K.A., et al., Notes from the field: use of electronic cigarettes and any tobacco product among middle and high school students—United States, 2011–2018. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2018. 67(45): p. 1276.
  6. United States Department of Health and Human Services, FDA, Center for Tobacco Products, Modifications to Compliance Policy for Certain Deemed Tobacco Products Guidance for Industry DRAFT GUIDANCE. 2019.
  7. United States Public Health Service, et al., Preventing tobacco use among youth and young adults : a report of the Surgeon General. 2012, Atlanta, Ga.: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O. xiv, 899 p.
  8. Burrows, D. Younger adult smokers: strategies and opportunities. RJ Reynolds Collection, Bates No. 501928462/8550 1984; Available from: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/fet29d00; http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/tqq46b00.
  9. Tindall, J. Cigarette market history and interpretation. Philip Morris Collection. Bates No. 2001265000/5045 1984; Available from: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/nzb98e00.
  10. Stevenson, T. and R.N. Proctor, The secret and soul of Marlboro: Phillip Morris and the origins, spread, and denial of nicotine freebasing. Am J Public Health, 2008. 98(7): p. 1184-94.
  11. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company. Conference report #23, June 5, 1974 Bates No. 500254578-4580 1974; Available from: https://industrydocuments.library.ucsf.edu/tobacco/docs/#id=jfcb0102.
  12. Kreslake, J.M., et al., Tobacco industry control of menthol in cigarettes and targeting of adolescents and young adults. Am J Public Health, 2008. 98(9): p. 1685-92.
  13. Kreslake, J.M., G.F. Wayne, and G.N. Connolly, The menthol smoker: tobacco industry research on consumer sensory perception of menthol cigarettes and its role in smoking behavior. Nicotine Tob Res, 2008. 10(4): p. 705-15.
  14. Farley, S.M., et al., Teen use of flavored tobacco products in new york city. Nicotine Tob Res, 2014. 16(11): p. 1518-21.
  15. Nonnemaker, J., et al., Initiation with menthol cigarettes and youth smoking uptake. Addiction, 2013. 108(1): p. 171-8.
  16. TPSAC, Menthol Cigarettes and Public Health: Review of the Scientific Evidence and Recommendations. 2011, Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee, Center for Tobacco Products, Food and Drug Administration: Washington, DC.
  17. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults. A Report of the Surgeon General. 2016, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health: Atlanta, GA.
  18. Behar, R.Z., et al., Identification of toxicants in cinnamon-flavored electronic cigarette refill fluids. Toxicol In Vitro, 2014. 28(2): p. 198-208.
  19. Muthumalage, T., et al., Inflammatory and oxidative responses induced by exposure to commonly used e-cigarette flavoring chemicals and flavored e-liquids without nicotine. Frontiers in physiology, 2018. 8: p. 1130.
  20. Allen, J.G., et al., Flavoring chemicals in e-cigarettes: diacetyl, 2, 3-pentanedione, and acetoin in a sample of 51 products, including fruit-, candy-, and cocktail-flavored e-cigarettes. Environmental health perspectives, 2016. 124(6): p. 733-739.
  21. Bitzer, Z.T., et al., Effect of flavoring chemicals on free radical formation in electronic cigarette aerosols. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 2018. 120: p. 72-79.
  22. Hersey, J.C., et al., Are menthol cigarettes a starter product for youth? Nicotine Tob Res, 2006. 8(3): p. 403-13.
  23. Hersey, J.C., J.M. Nonnemaker, and G. Homsi, Menthol cigarettes contribute to the appeal and addiction potential of smoking for youth. Nicotine Tob Res, 2010. 12 Suppl 2: p. S136-46.
  24. FDA, Preliminary Scientific Evaluation of the Possible Public Health Effects of Menthol versus Nonmenthol Cigarettes. 2013, Food and Drug Administration: Silver Spring, MD.
  25. Collins, C.C. and E.T. Moolchan, Shorter time to first cigarette of the day in menthol adolescent cigarette smokers. Addict Behav, 2006. 31(8): p. 1460-4.
  26. Fagan, P., et al., Nicotine dependence and quitting behaviors among menthol and non-menthol smokers with similar consumptive patterns. Addiction, 2010. 105 Suppl 1: p. 55-74.
  27. Bover, M.T., et al., Waking at night to smoke as a marker for tobacco dependence: patient characteristics and relationship to treatment outcome. Int J Clin Pract, 2008. 62(2): p. 182-90.
  28. Yerger, V.B. and P.M. McCandless, Menthol sensory qualities and smoking topography: a review of tobacco industry documents. Tob Control, 2011. 20 Suppl 2: p. ii37-43.
  29. Reynolds, R., Project SCUM. Legacy Tobacco Documents Library, 1995.
  30. Cobb, N.K., et al., Novel nicotine delivery systems and public health: the rise of the "e-cigarette". Am J Public Health, 2010. 100(12): p. 2340-2.
  31. Hsu, G., J.Y. Sun, and S.-H. Zhu, Evolution of electronic cigarette brands from 2013-2014 to 2016-2017: analysis of brand websites. Journal of medical Internet research, 2018. 20(3): p. e80.
  32. Richtel, M. E-Cigarette Makers Are in an Arms Race for Exotic Vapor Flavors. The New York Times, 2014.
  33. England, L.J., et al., Developmental toxicity of nicotine: A transdisciplinary synthesis and implications for emerging tobacco products. Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 2017. 72: p. 176-189.
  34. Goriounova, N.A. and H.D. Mansvelder, Short- and long-term consequences of nicotine exposure during adolescence for prefrontal cortex neuronal network function. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med, 2012. 2(12): p. a012120.
Updated Tuesday, 10-Mar-2020 09:26:09 CDT