Recommended Vaccines for Health Care Personnel
Information on which vaccines are recommended for people who work in health care settings.
PDF version formatted for print: Recommended Vaccines for Health Care Personnel (PDF)
Health care personnel (HCP) are at risk for exposure to serious, and sometimes deadly, diseases. To protect HCP, it is important to reduce the risk of vaccine-preventable diseases. In addition to protecting employees, ensuring that they are up-to-date with recommended vaccines will: decrease the potential of employee furlough, reduce the need and cost for post-exposure prophylaxis of patients/residents/HCP, and help ensure an efficient exposure response. Good vaccine coverage among employees will also protect the health of patients and visitors.
If no proof of immunity, HCP need 2 doses of varicella vaccine, at least 28 days apart. Proof of immunity includes:
If previously unvaccinated or partially vaccinated, HCP needs a 2 or 3-dose series depending on the vaccine product. Obtain anti-HBs serologic testing 1–2 months after final dose for HCP who perform tasks that may involve exposure to blood or body fluids.
Employers may require anti-HBs testing of HCP upon hire despite a record of hepatitis B vaccination in infancy or childhood. A negative anti-HBs test performed years after vaccination does not distinguish responders from non-responders due to waning immunity. It is recommended that HCPs get tested, and if the anti-HBs is below 10 mlU/mL, they should receive an additional dose of hepatitis B vaccine and be retested 1-2 months later.
|Influenza (flu)||Annual vaccination.|
|MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)||
HCP need documentation of 2 MMR given at least 28 days apart unless they have proof of immunity. Proof of immunity includes:
|Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis)||
|Meningococcal ACWY and B serogroups||
Vaccinate microbiologists that are routinely exposed to Neisseria meningitidis isolates:
Refer to CDC's Recommended Vaccines for Health Care Workers.
Managing exposures in health care personnel
Use these resources to help manage a health care personnel exposure to certain vaccine-preventable diseases.
- Ensuring Immunity to Varicella in Health Care Workers
- Managing Measles Exposures in Health Care Workers
- Follow-up Recommendations for Pertussis Exposures in the Health Care Setting
- Prevention of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States: Recommendations from ACIP, CDC
- PEP Quick Guide for Occupational Exposures
More information and resources
To learn more about vaccine-preventable diseases and the benefits and potential risks associated with the vaccines, go to:
We are here to help! Please contact us at 651-201-5414 if you have questions about infection control, immunization recommendations, or responding to a diagnosis or exposure of a vaccine-preventable disease.