Asbestos and Lead Compliance Program Refresher Training Waiver
Legislative Laws 2020, chapter 74, article 1, section 13, signed into law April 15, 2020, allows the Commissioner of Health to temporarily delay, waive, or modify Minnesota Rules, Chapter 4620. MDH supports individuals with asbestos certifications’ efforts to protect public health and offers the following guidance for asbestos certification renewal during COVID-19 related restrictions. This is a fluid situation and this notice is subject to change. If you have questions or concerns, please email Health.Asbestos-Lead@state.mn.us.
Due to COVID-19, individuals with asbestos certifications that expire on or after March 16, 2020, will be granted an extension to complete the required Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) approved refresher course to become recertified or relicensed in Minnesota. The document below provides details and contact information for additional questions.
What is asbestos?
Asbestos is the name for a group of minerals that occur naturally in the ground. Bundles of fibers make up asbestos minerals. Three types of asbestos were commonly used to manufacture products.
- Chrysotile, sometimes called white asbestos, is composed of wavy, flexible white fibers and comprises 90 to 95 percent of the asbestos used in the U.S.
- Amosite, sometimes called brown asbestos, is composed of straight, light gray or brown fibers.
- Crocidolite, sometimes called blue asbestos, is composed of straight blue fibers.
Anthophyllite, tremolite and actinolite are three other types of asbestos. They were not commonly used to manufacture products. However, tremolite contamination has been documented in vermiculite attic insulation, and caution should be used when dealing with this material.
Where does asbestos come from?
Asbestos is mined out of the ground from open pit mines. The mined rock is then taken to asbestos mills where the asbestos is separated from the rock. The raw asbestos is then sold to manufacturers where it has been used in over 3,000 products.
The top asbestos producing countries in 2011 were
- Russia - 1,000,000 tons
- China - 440,000 tons
- Brazil - 306,000 tons
- Kazakhstan - 223,000 tons
- Canada - 50,000 tons
- Others - 19,000
The top asbestos consuming countries in 2011 were
- China - 638,000 tons
- India - 322,000 tons
- Russia - 251,000 tons
- Brazil - 185,000 tons
- Kazakhstan - 155,000 tons
- Indonesia - 124,000 tons
Why was asbestos used?
Asbestos fibers have special characteristics. Heat or chemicals do not affect them and they do not conduct electricity. Asbestos is also very strong. Pound for pound, asbestos is stronger than steel. Asbestos fibers are also very flexible, allowing them to be woven into cloth-like materials. This versatility is why industry has mined and widely used asbestos to make many different products.
Why should I be concerned about asbestos?
In general, the more asbestos a person is exposed to, the greater the risk of developing an asbestos-related disease. Exposure to asbestos occurs through inhalation of airborne microscopic fibers. Airborne asbestos can be present during renovation and demolition of buildings and building products. Residential and nonresidential buildings can contain asbestos materials. Untrained individuals performing asbestos-related work can expose themselves, other individuals in the building, or their own families by having their clothing or skin contaminated with asbestos fibers.
Where can I learn more about asbestos in Minnesota?
MDH has a wide variety of information available to both homeowners and professionals on this website. Homeowners can learn about asbestos products in their homes and how to deal with them, or learn how to hire an asbestos contractor to remove them. Professionals can find licensing and certification requirements, as well as work practice guidance. All required forms are available electronically through this website.