Minnesota Health Access Survey

Minnesota Health Access Survey

The 2019 Minnesota Health Access Survey is underway! Your household may be contacted by phone or mail.

If your household is contacted, please take the time to participate and help complete this important project!

What is the Minnesota Health Access Survey?

The Minnesota Health Access Survey is a large-scale telephone and mail survey that collects information on the health of Minnesotans and how they access health insurance and health care services. The survey measures how many people in Minnesota have health insurance and how easy it is for them to get health care. Results from the survey inform policy that can help improve access to health care and health insurance for all Minnesotans.

The survey is conducted in partnership by the Minnesota Department of Health and the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, State Health Access Data Assistance Center (SHADAC).

How many people participate in the survey?

Minnesotans from more than 11,000 households will participate in the study. Since 2009, the survey has included both cellular and landline phones in the sample. Beginning in 2019, households are also being contacted by mail.

The size of the survey has varied over time. It includes responses from between 9,700 and 27,000 households between 2001 and 2017. Since 2009, the survey has targeted around 11,000 total respondents, with 12,436 responding in 2017. The response rate was 65% in 2001, 59% in 2004, 43% in 2007, 45% in 2009, 44% in 2011, 48% in 2013, 35% in 2015, and 29% in 2017.

Use the Data! Go to the Minnesota Health Access Survey Interactive Data Tool.

Does the Minnesota Health Access Survey have information other than health insurance? 

Yes, in addition to current health insurance coverage, the Minnesota Health Access Survey also asks about eligibility for other insurance coverage, such as through an employer or other public programs. This, in addition to demographic and employment characteristics of the uninsured, are all available to the public through our interactive data tool. Other information collected includes duration of uninsurance, transitions in insurance, age, race/ethnicity, education, housing (own/rent), income, employment, health status, utilization of health care, and experiences using the health care system that may be related to reduced access. Some of this information is included in our interactive data tool, and some of this information may become available in the future. If you have specific questions, please contact us at health.mnha@state.mn.us.

Where can I get information from the Minnesota Health Access Survey?

A few months after the survey is competed, an issue brief is published that summarizes the results of the current survey and compares them to previous years. The initial results from the 2017 survey can be found in two issue briefs: Minnesota's Changing Health Insurance Landscape: Results from the 2017 Minnesota Health Access Survey and Minnesota's Uninsured in 2017: Rates and Characteristics. Information from the survey is also used in our Minnesota Health Care Markets Chartbook, specifically in Section 6.

Throughout the year, the Health Economics Program publishes additional issue briefs with information from the survey that may be of interest; they are listed at the bottom of this page. Finally, we have the Minnesota Health Access Survey Interactive Data Tool, which allows the public to view and use the data.

Use the Data! Go to the Minnesota Health Access Survey Interactive Data Tool.

Recent publications that use data from the Minnesota Health Access Survey

Minnesota's Changing Health Insurance Landscape: Results from the 2017 Minnesota Health Access Survey (PDF) February 2018

Minnesota's Uninsured in 2017: Rates and Characteristics (PDF) February 2018

Understanding Health Insurance Transitions in Public Health Insurance Coverage in Minnesota (PDF) June 2017

Health Insurance in Minnesota: Results from the 2015 Minnesota Health Access Survey (PDF) February 2016

Health Insurance in Minnesota: Results from the 2013 Minnesota Health Access Survey (PDF) May 2014

Health Insurance in Minnesota: Preliminary Results from the 2013 Minnesota Health Access Survey (PDF) February 2014

Health Care Access in Minnesota, Baseline Analysis for Assessing the Impact of the Health Reform in the State (PDF) February 2014

Use the Data! Go to the Minnesota Health Access Survey Interactive Data Tool.

How do you measure “uninsurance?”

There are three ways to classify uninsurance. The first, and most common, is "point-in-time" uninsurance. This measure counts only those who do not currently have health insurance, or are "uninsured" at the time of the survey in the uninsurance rate. This is the measure most often reported, and unless otherwise specified, this is the measure used in our interactive data tool and in presentations.

The second way to measure uninsurance is "part-year" or "at some point during the year." In this measure, anyone who has been uninsured at any point in the past 12 months is counted as uninsured. This estimate is usually two to three percentage points higher than the point-in-time estimate, because it includes people who have insurance now, but at some point in the past year were uninsured.

Finally, we measure "full-year" uninsurance, people who had no health insurance for the past 12 months. This estimate tends to be two to three percentage points lower than the point-in-time estimate.

Which measure of uninsurance is used in the estimates?

Unless otherwise specified, the estimates of health insurance coverage and uninsurance are for the time of the interview (point-in-time estimates). Alternative measures of uninsurance (full-year, part-year or some point during the year) are also available and can be viewed in the interactive data tool by choosing "uninsurance rates" and then selecting the sub-category "alternative measures of uninsurance".

How does the Minnesota Health Access Survey compare to other sources of information on health insurance, such as the American Community Survey or Current Population Survey?

The Minnesota Health Access Survey was designed to develop representative estimates of health insurance for the state as a whole, as well as for 13 geographic regions and major race and ethnic groups within the state. Results from this survey have enabled the state to identify disparities in health insurance by race/ethnicity and geographic region, and to understand the factors influencing trends in health insurance coverage in Minnesota — information that is not available from any other source.

Like most state-specific surveys, estimates of uninsurance from the Minnesota Health Access Survey are lower than estimates for Minnesota from national surveys such as the Current Population Survey (CPS) and American Community Survey (ACS). Because of differences in survey methodology, estimates from the Minnesota Health Access Survey should not be directly compared to other sources of data on health insurance, such as the CPS, ACS or other states’ health insurance surveys.

Use the Data! Go to the Minnesota Health Access Survey Interactive Data Tool.

Still have questions? health.mnha@state.mn.us or call 651-201-3557.




Updated Tuesday, September 10, 2019 at 01:49PM