Breastfeeding Among Infants Born in Minnesota
Data on breastfeeding initiation from Minnesota birth records (residents and non-residents born in Minnesota birthing facilities).
Minnesota exceeded the Healthy People 2020 breastfeeding initiation goal (81.9%) in every year reported. After declining during the pandemic, rates among most communities improved in 2022. Wide disparities in rates remain across cultures and communities.
- Hmong breastfeeding initiation rates (64.0% in 2022) remain the lowest among the reported groups but increased almost 5 percentage points from 2021.
- American Indian rates also improved in 2022, by almost 4 percentage points. They varied widely by region, with the highest rate (80.3%) in the Metro region and lowest (67.0%) in the Northwest.
- The Black (African American) rate was 82.5% in 2022, surpassing the previous high of 80.4% in 2018. The Metro region reported the highest 2022 rate (82.7%) and the South Central reported the lowest (72.0%).
- Hispanic infants have high rates overall (90.1%), but rates vary between regions. The Metro had the highest rate (92.8%). South Central had the lowest rate (79.0%). The Northeast declined from 95.4% in 2021 to 88.6% in 2022.
- White infants met and exceeded the Healthy People 2020 goal in all regions, with the highest rate in the Metro (94.2%).
- This report includes information on all infants born in Minnesota. Find breastfeeding data among Minnesota WIC participants (regardless of place of birth) in the WIC Breastfeeding Reports.
Trends by Cultural Identity
Maps by Cultural Identity
Suggested citation: Minnesota WIC Information System. Breastfeeding Initiation Among Infants Born in Minnesota Birthing Facilities During Selected Time Period by Location and Cultural Identity. Minnesota WIC Program: 2023.
* Percentages are not calculated for locations with < 30 participants. For locations with small numbers of participants with a given cultural identity, participants are grouped with those of unknown identity under the ‘unspecified CID’ category.
Data as of April 26, 2023 (updated annually)
For more information, please e-mail health.WIC@state.mn.us.