WIC 359 Recent Major Surgery, Trauma, Burns
Major surgery (including C-sections), trauma or burns severe enough to compromise nutritional status. Any occurrence:
- Within the past two (2) months may be self reported.
- More than two (>2) months previous must have the continued need for nutritional support diagnosed by a physician or a health care provider working under the orders of a physician.
The body's response to recent major surgery, trauma or burns may affect nutrient requirements needed for recovery and lead to malnutrition. There is a catabolic response to surgery; severe trauma or burns cause a hyper metabolic state. Injury causes alterations in glucose, protein and fat metabolism.
Metabolic and physiological responses vary according to the individual's age, previous state of health, preexisting disease, previous stress, and specific pathogens. Once individuals are discharged from a medical facility, a continued high nutrient intake may be needed to promote the completion of healing and return to optimal weight and nutrition status.
1. Institute of Medicine. WIC nutrition risk criteria a scientific assessment. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.; 1996.