- COVID-19 is an infectious disease.
- The disease is caused by a coronavirus not found in people before.
- It causes viral respiratory illness.
- We are still learning about the new virus. We do not know yet:
- How sick it may make different people.
- How well it passes between people.
- Other features the new coronavirus may have.
- We will share more information when we have it.
How it spreads
- People can spread the COVID-19 disease to each other.
- The disease is thought to spread by nose and mouth droplets when someone who is infected coughs, sneezes or exhales.
- The droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people nearby. It may be possible for people to breathe the droplets into their lungs. It is important to stay 6 feet away from other people in public. At home, someone who is sick should stay alone, in one room, as much as possible.
- Droplets can land on surfaces and objects that other people then touch. It is important to wash your hands before you touch your mouth, nose, face or eyes. Clean surfaces that are touched often. Clean surfaces often if someone in the house is sick.
- Infected people may be able to spread the disease before they have symptoms or feel sick.
- Many people with COVID-19 have mild illness. However, anyone can become severely ill from this virus.
- Based on current information and experience, older adults and people of any age who have serious underlying medical conditions have a greater risk of getting very sick from COVID-19. Ask your health care provider if you have greater risk of getting sicker.
- People at higher risk may be:
- Age 65 and older.
- Living in a nursing home or long-term care facility.
- Any age if they have underlying health conditions, especially if the conditions are not well controlled:
- Chronic lung disease or moderate to severe asthma.
- Serious heart conditions.
- Severe obesity with body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher.
- Chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis.
- Liver disease.
- Immunocompromised. Many conditions can cause a person to be immunocompromised, including cancer treatment, smoking, bone marrow or organ transplantation, immune deficiencies, poorly controlled HIV or AIDS, and prolonged use of corticosteroids and other immune weakening medications.
- For more information, see:
- COVID-19 has no known specific treatment.
- Rest and drink lots of liquids.
- If your symptoms get worse and you need a doctor, call your clinic or an emergency room before you go there.
As doctors and scientists continue to gather new information, it is important to take COVID-19 seriously. We know some of the negative effects it can have, but we do not yet know all of the negative effects it may have. It is important to keep working to slow the spread of the virus by staying home when you can, staying 6 feet away from others, wearing a mask, covering your coughs and sneezes, and washing your hands often and well.
Physical health effects
- The virus that causes COVID-19 can affect people in different ways. Some can get very sick, while most have mild or moderate symptoms and get better without going to a clinic or into a hospital. Some have no symptoms. Some people die.
- Some people are in the hospital for weeks. Some may need to be put on a ventilator in order to breathe and survive. Some may need to be put on a heart-lung bypass machine. The virus that causes COVID-19 has been linked to increased:
- Blood clotting.
- Heart damage.
- Other organ damage.
- For those that do get better, they may have long-term health problems from the virus. The disease may cause damage to the lungs, leading to ongoing trouble with breathing. New evidence shows that COVID-19 can also lead to health problems in children. More research is needed to better understand how the virus may cause short and long-term illness.
- More information:
- Nervous system damage:
Neurologic Manifestations of Hospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China
- Heart damage:
The Harvard Gazette: Coronavirus and the heart
- Risks for pregnant women and infants:
Neonatal Early-Onset Infection With SARS-CoV-2 in 33 Neonates Born to Mothers With COVID-19 in Wuhan, China
- New complications in children:
For Parents: Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) associated with COVID-19
- Possible sexual transmission:
Clinical Characteristics and Results of Semen Tests Among Men With Coronavirus Disease 2019
- Nervous system damage:
Other health effects
- COVID-19 disease can cause more than physical health problems. COVID-19 is a continuing threat to the personal, financial, and mental well-being of Minnesotans This stress can lead to health problems. COVID-19 can cause stress when people:
- Must be in the hospital.
- Lose their jobs or cannot go to work.
- Do not have money to pay bills.
- Are separated from family and friends.
- Symptoms & Testing: COVID-19
What are the symptoms, when to get tested, and where to get tested.
- If You Are Sick: COVID-19
What to do if you are sick and information on going to the doctor.
- Protect Yourself & Others: COVID-19
How to slow the spread, including information on masks and cloth face coverings and cleaning your home.
- Daily Life & Coping: COVID-19
Multigenerational living, stress and coping, pets, and more.